Climate and Health

Although global warming may bring some localized benefits, such as fewer winter deaths in temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health like clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. Moreover, extreme high air temperatures contribute directly to deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory disease, particularly among older people. In the heat wave of summer 2003 in Europe for example, more than 70 000 excess deaths were recorded (UNEP, 2004, March). Noticeably high temperatures also raise the levels of ozone and other pollutants in the air that exacerbate cardiovascular and respiratory disease.

Globally, the number of reported weather-related natural disasters has more than tripled since the 1960s. Every year, these disasters result in over 60 000 deaths, mainly in developing countries (WHO, 2017, July). Relating to the rising sea levels and increasingly extreme weather events will typically destroy homes, medical facilities and other essential services. More than half of the world's population lives within 60 km of the sea (Creel, 2003, September). And people may be forced to move, which in turn heightens the risk of a range of health effects, from mental disorders to communicable diseases. Increasingly variable rain patterns are likely to affect the supply of fresh water. A lack of safe water can compromise hygiene and increase the risk of diarrheal disease, which kills thousands of children aged less than 5 years, every year. In extreme cases, water scarcity leads to daught and famine.

Floods are also increasing in frequency and intensity, and the frequency and intensity of extreme precipitation is expected to continue to increase through the current century. Floods contaminate freshwater supplies, heightened the risk of water-borne diseases, and create breeding grounds for disease-carrying insects such as mosquitoes. They also cause darnings and physical injuries, damage homes and disrupt the supply of medical and health services.

In addition, climatic conditions strongly affect water-borne diseases and diseases transmitted through insects, snails or other cold blooded animals. Changes in climate are likely to lengthen the transmission seasons of important vector-borne diseases and to alter their geographic range. For example, climate change is projected to widen significantly the area of ​​China where the snail-borne disease schistosomiasis occurs (WHO, 2009). Malaria is strongly influenced by climate. Transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes, malaria kills over 400 000 people every year – mainly African children under 5 years old (WHO, 2017, April).

To sum up, climate change normally affects all populations, but some are more vulnerable than others. People living in small island developing states and other coastal regions, megacities, and mountainous and polar regions are particularly vulnerable. Children, in particular, children living in poor countries that are among the most vulnerable to the resulting health risks and will be exposed longer to the health consequences.

Reference

Ottmar Edenhofer, RP-M. (2014). Summary SPM for Policymakers.

UNEP. (2004, March). Impacts of Summer 2003 heat wave in Europe. Environment Alert Bulletin.

Organization, WH (2017, July). Climate change and health. Media center.

Creel, L. (2003, September). Ripple Effects: Population and Coastal Regions. Population Reference Bureau.

WHO. (2009). Climate change and health. WHO representative office China.

WHO. (2017, April). Malaria. Media Center.

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What Are Environmental Toxins?

Are There Toxins in Your Environment?

Environmental toxin are poisonous cancer causing chemicals that are man-made and occurring in nature that may harm us and cause an unfavorable impact on the human immune systems performance. Exposure can affect us at home, work, schools and places we least expect.

Our body naturally produces different toxic wastes through our metabolic process. We are created in a way that the body organs take care of the process of toxic activity waste. Our daily activities make us come in contact with toxins from our environment.

Each week almost 6,000 new chemicals are indexed in the chemical society's database which comes to over 300,000 new chemicals annually.

The food we consume daily compounds of toxins of all sort from colorings, preservatives, flavorings, emulsifiers, humectants and anti-microbial.

Toxins are known to poison enzymes and destroy structural minerals in the body, resulting in weakened bones and damage to vital organs like kidneys and liver. We have below a list of environmental toxins compounds found around us.

Benzopyrenes (food, emission from fuel exhaust, barbecued food)
Car exhaust (carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, benzene)
Lead (found in paintings, water, old pipes, old houses, and soil)
Cigarette smoke (benzene, lead, arsenic, acetone)
EMF's -Electromagnetic fields that damage nerve cells (cell phones, computers, and TV screens)
Formaldehyde (preservatives, used in computer and photocopy machine toners, paints, and building materials)
Excitotoxins (common in food additives, noodles, monosodium glutamate, frozen foods, saccharin.
Aluminum (antiperspirants, skin creams, dandruff shampoo, antacids and some cooking pots)
Mercury- heavy metal, sea fish like king mackerel and swordfish, crops exposed to pesticides, trash incinerators and some vaccines
Volatile organic compounds (adhesives, thinners, s
Acetaminophen (Non-aspirin pain relief medication)
Pesticides and herbicides used in growing crops
Cadmium (used to make batteries, insecticides, and plastics)
Alcohol
Household cleaners (acetones and benzenes)
Nitrosamines (smoked and treated foods, hot dogs, corn beef etc.)
Aromatic hydrocarbons (fuel, solvents)
PFC's – Perfluorinated chemicals (nonstick cookware, non-stains carpets)
Carcinogens (chemical used in asbestos, vinyl chloride for plastics
Acetone (automobile exhaust and industrial emissions)
Radiation (microwave, x-rays, ultraviolet radiation from the sun
Perchloro-ethane (used as solvents in dry cleaning)
Chlorine and chloroform used in swimming pool and released from a hot shower.
Aflatoxins (from rotting and dirty nuts)
Exposure to dangerous environmental toxins like lead, mercury, and pesticides can adversely affect:

Development
Learning
Behavior
Protect Yourself and family from environmental toxins with the following tips:

Reduce the use of plastic containers that are recycled.
Avoid nail polish, perfumes, colognes and other scented products that list phthalates as active compounds.
Do not microwave plastic food containers.
Make use of glass feeding bottles for your baby.
Limit consumption of canned foods.
Cut tips of vegetables like lettuce and cage before eating.
Buy vegetables from a trusted source.
Peel and cook vegetables.
Consuming a wide range of vegetable limits exposure to a particular type of pesticide.

A consciousness of what is beneficial to you is just what you need to stay healthy. Health care is not cheap, since it is appropriate to find whatever information we can to keep us and members of our household safe. I hope you find this article beneficial.

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