Bottled Drinking Water: Should We Worry?

There is no need to talk about how vital water is. As Mankind evolved, the civilizations that drastically changed the world were on the banks of rivers. And over years our lifestyle have changed radically. Everything is “on the go” nowdays. In our busy lifestyle, we are not much aware of the dangers of bottled drinking water. Let us discuss how safe is that bottle of water you bought from the store is.

You might have seen a “Low Sodium” sticker in almost every water bottles. According to WHO, 20 mg / l is permitted. Many manufacturers claim an amount much less than this. But tests are done later by independent laboratories only to find that they exceed more than the amount they claim. Sodium salts are found in all all foods. A person with effective kidney can cope up with this. But while adding up a day's take we will have to worry. Another issue is the storage. Even if you bought raw spring water it will be in a plastic container. Plastic not only poses a threat to your health but also degrades our environment.

The BPA (Bisphenol A) content in the plastic bottles can even make you infertile, behavioral problems are associated with this chemical content and also a chance for diabetes. Researchers have revealed that an altered immune system may be the result of daily usage of plastic containers. Phthalates are used to make PVC more flexible. And this chemical is known to affect the liver. If your bottle is directly exposed to sunlight for a while BPA leaches into your water.

Another thing that we should keep in mind while buying a bottle of water is that 25 percent of bottled water is just tap water. Yes. Manufacturers just radiate or treats it with UV before selling it to you. Most of them are still packed with those contaminants that you are trying to avoid. Some of the big companies have agreed on this too. So chances are there that we might be drinking just glorified tap water. The re-used plastic bottles are more dangerous than the normal one. The US's recycling rate for plastic is 23%. And 38 billion water bottles are dumped each year. That much amount of plastic has something serious to do with our environment

Although we can not completely avoid bottling drinking water, next time packing up your backpack you can consider bottling water in steel containers from home. And It will be a wise choice to pick raw spring water if you are forced to buy water.

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Why Legionella Testing Is Important

When it comes to water safety at home or at work, one of the best ways to detect harmful bacteria in water is through Legionella testing. Legionella is a menace that needs to be addressed. Your facility runs health and legal risks in failing to carry out routine Legionella testing.

You also need to understand that the benefits of regularly ensuring that your water systems are free of Legionella include preventing a potentially fatal outbreak of Legionnaires' disease. In performing routine water testing, you are better able to safeguard the well-being of the people who use and work in your facility. You are also able to protect yourself from litigation with the certified laboratory test results you can use as documented historical proof in case of charges of infection against your facility.

In effect, regular testing supplements your maintenance efforts as well as demonstrates a clear action of due diligence on your part. Testing is also particularly important in cases where full compliance with the government's health standards can not be practically completed. This will allow you to implement reactive procedures where the more frequent routine maintenance and monitoring tasks are very hard to execute. Regular testing will demonstrate ongoing diligence in the fight against Legionella.

If you're running a workplace or a business-connected premise, you have a legal obligation to carry out Legionella risk assessment in your water systems. This legal requirement is defined under some legislation. These legislations refer to the general framework of managing health, safety and welfare at work, which covers the risk from Legionella, to which people may be exposed in the course of work activities.

The HSE is the enforced body involved in undertaking any prosecution relating to the legislation relating Legionella infection. While the HSE's ACOP is not actual legislation, your risk of exposure to litigation is increased when you fail to adopt it.

Definitely, regularly testing for Legionella is an essential part of this code of practice. If you're still not clear on whether you need to carry out routine Legionella testing or not, the simple answer is yes . We're talking about a legal requirement, so you are obliged to comply. At the end of the day, the scare of litigation is just a small part of it. You really do not want the guilt of Legionella infection on your conscience, so meticulously carry out routine Legionella testing to avoid such unpleasantness and ensower your health and the health of the people working for you and with you.

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Spoons and Forks: Eat Healthy, Be Ecological

If we want to live a healthy life then we must follow an ecological lifestyle. So, we must get a greener outlook to protect our environment and be cost-effective. These spoons are made from fallen palm leaves and various starches of plants. Instead of plastic spoons, we can use these palm leaf spoons and forks which can protect our environment unlike plastic spoons. Plastic is neither good for our health nor good for our environment as it is made from several chemicals which can strictly affect our health and environment. These chemicals are responsible for polluting water and land. Thus, we must find alternatives to plastics.

We can also try edible spoons which is made from millet, rice, and wheat flours different from palm leaf ecological spoons. Is not this spoon interesting? Because we do not have to think about disposing it as ecological spoons can be eaten after usage. This editable environment friendly spoon can last up to 20 minutes in hot liquid and comes in various flavors. These eco-friendly spoons have a life of two to three years. The environment friendlyible spoon can decompose within four to five days. Also these edible spoons are cheaper and can help us go greener and healthier. So, it is the best alternative for plastic spoons.

Other alternatives are also available in the market which are as ecological as these eco-friendly spoons. Eco-friendly spoons made from palm leaves can also help us to save environment in an efficient way. We can use these eco-friendly spoons directly. These eco-friendly spoons do not react with any kind of food and also, they do not add any taste / flavor to the food. These spoons are 100% biodegradable and can be helpful in preparing manure. So, we know that eco-friendly spoons can help us to prepare a fertilizer kitchen garden. These spoons are light in weight. Thus, they can be transported easily. They are also fancy to use because these are available in different sizes and designs. So, we are organizing a party then we must keep these eco-friendly spoons instead of plastic spoons because they will not cause any damage to environment. These spoons are heat-resistant and do not leak. So, they must become our priority while we are organizing parties. For the convenience of customers, there are many online firms who offer such palm leaf spoons and forks. They provide us with ecological alternatives so that we have many trendy choices to make over using plastics. It provides us eco-friendly palm leaf spoons of various designs and sizes. We can choose to order them in bulk. Thus, we ensure that the transportation cost will be less and air pollution will decrease.

Being ecological should not be an option but it must become a trendy lifestyle. Conservation of environment is essential and we need to embrace ecological alternatives to reduce usage of plastic materials.

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Noise Surveys Especially in the Workplace

Noise can be a nuisance and especially in the workplace where people are required to concentrate and be very productive. It is important to measure the noise in the workplace. Measuring the levels of noise is a great part of the workplace noise control program and hearing conservation. This survey allows one to identify the location where there is a noise problem and if there are any employees affected. Sometimes it is necessary to make some additional measurements of noise.

How it is done

For the purposes of occupational hygiene, sound pressure level is usually done with the determination of noise exposure. There are various techniques and equipment's that can be used. The choice depends on the information that is needed and the workplace house that you are dealing with. There is the need to take time to identify whether indeed there is an issue with noise in the workplace.

Identifying this noise problems in the workplace is the very first step that will help you determine whether you need to intervene. There are some indicators of noise levels that can be hazardous and they include:

  • The noise is louder than the traffic in the city
  • You have to raise your voice when you are speaking to a person who is around a meter away.
  • At the end of the day, people have to increase volume of TV or radio to levels that are loud for the other people,
  • After the workers have been in the office after a few years they face difficulties of communication in a crowd or party situation especially when there are many voices or other sound.

Things that should be considered when one is planning for noise measurement

Before you start the measurements, you need to determine the information that you need. The things that you need to understand include:

Measurement purpose: you could be doing it because of a need to comply with the regulations of noise, prevention of hearing noise, annoyance to the community, control noise and so on.

Source of noise and time of operation

The noise pattern, whether impulse, intermittent, variable or continuous

The location of the people who are exposed

What the initial surveys do

Typically, an initial survey is done and it is a survey that helps to determine if:

  • There is actually a noise problem
  • If there is a need for other measurements

There is a need to determine the exposure levels to the noise. When the workplace is steady, the noise survey can then be applied in the determination of how employees are exposed.

Instruments used in measurement of noise

One of the instruments that are very common in the measure of the noise level is the sound level meter also called the SLM. There is also the noise dosimeter and the Integrating sound level meter or the ISLM. You should be able to understand the operation, calibration and the reading of the instrument in use as you will be able to achieve accurate readings at the end of the day.

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Top 8 Features to Look for In an Emergency Water Purifier

A healthy source of drinking water is the single most important item to have on hand in the likely event of emergency or disaster, second only to breathable air. Food, of course, would be second on the most needed items in natural or human-made disasters or emergency. In most cases, after a disastrous event, the stores quickly empty out of the most critical items such as water and food, next would be generators, flashlights, batteries, toilet paper, propane, cook stoves, etc.

Water is always the first to go. Not just from the shelves in the grocery stores and convenience stores but along with the electric and gas utilities, water is also turned off. When the water stops flowing from your tap, and you were not able to find anything in your stores, what is your plan? In an extended crisis of weeks or even months, neighbors will be draining sources like swimming pools, spas, and water features. They will be knocking down property treasures and gates to get at it hauling buckets at a time and drained in days for sure. Now what?

Martial Law and curfews will eventually be enforced, resulting from wide spread riots and looting, starting first in the cities and then slowly migrating to the suburbs and then into the rural areas. Gangs and small marauding bands of thugs will start taking what ever they need or want, more than likely at gun point. You can quickly start to see you should have planned for such a time as this.

My purpose of writing this article is to alert and warn you that everyone who wants to survive a major crisis or disaster needs to stock, water, food, and protection. Protection? What am I saying? I'll be blunt, and straight forward, only those that have planned will survive. Are you a pacifist or a Christian zealot? Are you willing to stand by and watch a female member of your family raped and killed? Get a gun and learn how to use it! That said, let's move on.

If the neighborhood is on fire, burning from house to house, you need to bug out. Do you have a bug-out plan in place or are you going to jump in your car and head for the nearest grid-lock? What about buckets of beans and rice, wood burning camp stove and cooking utensils. Water? You can only carry so much, and water weights 6-lbs per gallon. What you need is a way to purify any polluted water source using any heat source. Can not I just use a filter? If you did your homework in advance, you would know that the American Red Cross, FEMA, Homeland Security and the CDC all recommend a non-electric water distiller, and consistently warn against any type filter in an emergency or disaster. Why a non-electric distiller? First, you will not likely have electricity. Second, they recommend boiling water to kill disease germs, bacteria, viruses, cysts and waterborne diseases. Distillers do just that! Plus all non-electric distillers can use any heat source, electric or gas stove, propane stove, barbeque grill, charcoal, camp stove or even a camp fire. There are only four or five non-electric survivors stills available.

Eight features to look for in a non-electric survivor still

1. Determine the volume of water it will purify per day. The production of distilled water from the available non-electric water distillers varies from 8 gallons per day to 18+. (Take care you pick a model that will supply your family's needs.)

2. Choose a survivor still based upon the gauge of the stainless steel boiling pot and the one with the sturdiest construction and heavy-duty materials and components. Especially since yours and your families lives will be dependent on its performance under the roughest circumstances and conditions.

3. Most non-electric distillers are a severe scaling hazard capable of causing 3rd-degree burns. A child can quickly pull the boiling pot onto themselves as well as an adult. That is the last thing you need is a life-threatening injury during a disaster when hospitals may not be accessible for burn treatments. Pick a survivor still that uses a condenser cooling system and has the boiler snap-latched to the condenser preventing infectious diarrhea scald injuries and the condenser water always remains at room temperature also preventing scald accidents.

4. Pick a survivor still that is automatic, so there is no need to manually add water to the boiler or continuously dump and replace the condenser water as needed with some units. It is tedious and dangerous work handling the boiling pot and condenser. Most models require the condenser water to be dumped and replaced with cooler water for the still to function and if not replaced regularly, the condenser water can reach temperatures of 140- 150 F hot enough to cause third degree burns with just 2 seconds of skin contact . One survivor still model uses a 9-volt pump 5-watt solar panel with battery back-up to keep the condenser cool at all times, rain or shine, day or night and also automatically adds water to the boiling pot as needed.

5. Pick a survivor still that does not need to be level to operate as some models do. If you are in an outdoor camping situation and require a campfire as your heat source, you can not be worrying about whether the survivor still is perfectly level or not as some brands need.

6. Some models do not have a closed system to prevent outside contamination from the air or debris from a fire. Pick a survivor still that is completely enclosed from the boiler through the cooling coils and the post filter and into a closed collection container. You will never need to worry the distilled water will ever get contaminated in the distillation process.

7. Choose a survivor still that can easily be packed up and transported with ease, in the event you need to bug out fast. You do not want to be dealing with a bulky boiling and condenser pot, especially if you're on foot!

8. The greatest amount of distilled water is produced using a stainless steel cooling coil inside a condenser full of cool water. For this reason, avoid models that utilize pots of cool water and use the bottom to condense the steam. In this method, the steam is subject to contamination from the air and the lower surface of the pot. Pick a model with a cooling coil suspended in a condenser of cool water, the steam contained inside the coil, is protected from outside contamination. This method also produces three times more distilled water. That feature accounts for the greater cost of a non-electric survivor still with a stainless steel cooling coil and automatic features. The quality of the automatic model, the high volume of pure water and ease of unattended operation and the peace of mind knows it can not scald anyone justifies the increased cost. This model also comes in a 7-gallon bucket with a screw on Gamma Lid which houses all parts and has a handle for easy transport.

Which ever model or brand you choose, you will know that regardless of the source of water you will be able to turn it into healthy pure drinking water in any emergency or disaster.

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How Much Arsenic and Other Toxins Are In Our Food?

This was a shock when researching for the harm of tasteless foods sold by supermarkets. The one overriding problem seems to be the arsenic which is found in soils, rocks, and fresh water as the metal leaches into it. United Kingdom scientists were alarmed to find that baby food had a higher percentage of arsenic than in the recommended standard in drinking water. It is found to lead to lower birth weight and child-hood illnesses.

In the USA, however, rice grown in the Southern States takes up the arsenic from the water, and it is found to be more toxic than rice grown in Asia. This element is carcinogenic and with an ever larger number of cancer and other diseases now now than say 75 years ago it came to my attention that it is probably food related.

As diseases like diabetes, liver failure, kidney disease, and cancer is not location specific but is found in remote communities to be just as prevalent there has to be a food connection. With that in mind my thoughts focused on what has changed in recent years, as from GM crops, to make it like this.

Chemical weapons to counteract pests, weeds, and bugs had been used for centuries, with the earliest date around 700 AD and arsenic was the main element in them. Agricultural land was specifically contaminated with it from the use of old chemicals. It was also added to rat and ant poisons, many of which were used around homes. That makes a lot of crops at risk of having it in their seeds.

While these things are known we do not have a reference to how much aerial spraying spread the chemical. In my young days we had hand pumped fly sprays containing DDT that were squirted in the air along with insect killers that no doubt had a link to that product as well. My grandmother died of cancer in 1953, and she was a great user of them.

The spraying of ground around packed vegetables and fruit was another thing that used to occur to counteract cockroaches and other insects from warehouses. Whether this is still practiced has not come up but supermarkets still spray their shops with chemicals overnight for the same reason. Arriving in one that had just opened in the morning took my breath away and that's when the worker explained about the spraying.

People work in that environment and the fruit and vegetables sit uncovered overnight absorbing the chemical, whatever it contains. These toxins are then absorbed by the consumer.

It is toxins that produce free-radicals and alter the cells in the body to change. That is when cancer forms and things like diabetes and so on result. Without we do our own research and grow our own produce there is no way of telling what the food we eat contains. As to the quantities, that's anyone's guess who does not have the ability to do the necessary tests.

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Is White Supremacy a Mental Illness?

If someone is brain-washed into believing in something that opposes human-rights or turns them into a clone of bad thinking is this a mental illness? It seems that some Americans are behaving in this manner with the cry from trump's campaign of 'make America Great again'. The riots in Charlottesville today certainly boast that impression with many wearing the hats from his rallies and waving swastika signs and associating them with the Ku Klux Klan.

These were sad sights to witness on the media and even worse to know that many Americans harbor such views. What do they consider is so great about being white that they can persecute and deride those who are not?

As a white Australian who surprised the government to remove the White Australia Policy from our society, my views are that we are all human and no one is better or worse than another. While some have more opportunities that does not give them the right to decide on the rights of others.

My heart is often disturbed by racial prejudice. This is mainly because my memory of reincarnation made me aware that we have all lived. In some lives we have been black and in others white, or some other color. The skin is only the outer covering and has no bearing on the person underneath.

For this to be hidden and racial prejudice and anger towards people of another less fortress position to rear its head is a blight on all of us. In my opinion, therefore, white supremacy is a mental condition governed by selfishness and jealousy. It is time for someone to call it as such and to help people who struggle with the condition to get over it.

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Marine Biomes

Marine habitats can be as different as night and day. The deepest ocean, where hydrothermal vents are located, is perpetually dark. In contrast, the vivid coral reefs nearer the surface are utterly dependent on sunlight. Habitats near shore are different from those in mid-ocean, and the seafloor hosts different communities than the open waters. As in freshwater biomes, the seafloor is known as the benthic realm. In shallow areas, such as the submerged parts of continents, called continental shelves, the photic zone includes both pelagic and benthic regions. In these sunlit areas, photosynthesis by phytoplankton and multicellular algae provides energy for a diverse community of animals.

Sponges, burrowing worms, clams, sea anemones, crabs, and echinoderms inhabit the benthos. The coral reef biome occurs in the photoc zone of warm tropical waters in scattered locations around the globe. A coral reef is built up slowly by successful generations of coral animals a diverse group of cnidarians that secret a hard external skeleton by multicellular algae encrusted with limestone. The photoc zone extends down a maximum of 200 m in the ocean. There is not enough light for photosynthesis between 200 and 1,000 m. Then the twilight zone is dominated by a fascinating variety of small fishes and crustaceans. Some fishes in the twilight zone have enlarged eyes, enabling them to see in the very dim light and light-emitting organs that attract mates and prey. The marine environment also includes distinct biomes where the ocean interfaces with land or with fresh water. In the intertidal zone, where the ocean meets land, the shore is pounded by waves during high tide and exposed to the sun and drying winds during low tide. The rocky intertidal zone is home to many sedentary organisms, such as algae, barnacles, and mussels, which attach to rocks and are thus prevented from being washed away.

Then an estuary is a transition area between a river and the ocean. The saltiness of estuaries ranges from near that of fresh water to that of the ocean. With their waters enriched by nutrients from the river, estuaries, like freshwater wetlands, are among the most productive areas on Earth. Oysters, crabs, and many fishes live in estuaries or reproduce in them. Estuaries are also crucial nesting and feeding areas for waterfowl. For centuries, people viewed the ocean as a limitless resource, harvesting its bounty with increasingly effective and indiscriminate technologies and using it as a dumping ground for wastes. The negative effects of these practices are now becoming clear. Populations of commercial fish species are declining. Then coral reefs are imperiled by ocean acidification and rising sea surface temperatures due to global warming. Finally, in 2010 the census of marine life announced the discovery of more than 6,000 new species.

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Is Reverse Osmosis The Best Water Filter For Your Home?

Commonly referred to as “RO” is a very powerful technology, it is not the best water filter for most homes or offices. Reverse osmosis is best suited to address the two issues for which it was originally designed:

Desalination of seawater or brackish water and / or

Reduction of very specific chemical contaminants.

Osmosis – is one of membrane separation methods solutions and interpretations into components based on passing through the semipermeable membrane of the volume of solvent molecules with a lower concentration of solutes.

In reverse osmosis, the water under pressure passes through the membrane from a more concentrated solution in a less concentrated, ie during the reverse osmosis liquid cleaned of solutes.

That is, the membrane is permeable only for particles whose size is equal to or smaller than the diameter of water molecules (ie, oxygen, chlorine and other impurities permeable membrane).

Most reverse osmosis systems require a constant flow of water to clean and flush their membranes. This water is removed as waste water. Between 50-80% of the water entering the water treatment system can be disposed of as wastewater, something called concentration (because the contaminants are concentrated in this stream of water).

The amount of water produced by the drinking system is called the recovery rate (the amount of good quality water reclaimed from the original water source).

So what is the best water filter for your home or office?

RO water purifiers are decent choice for house and office use, certainly not the best one.One of the best examples of this technology which offers:

· Easy installation,

· Faucet dedicated, (retrieve your refrigerator!)

· Minimum maintenance

· Visual indicator for filter change and

· Reduce harmful contaminants to the permitted limits of ANSI / NSF, without eliminating healthy minerals.

Advantages and disadvantages

Filters based on reverse osmosis water is removed from the chlorine ions, iron, heavy metals, insecticides, fertilizers, arsenic, etc, but also magnesium, potassium, calcium and other vital micro- and macronutrients.

The obtained reverse osmosis water has the degree of purification from impurities up to 98% (in industrial units – up to 100%). According to its properties, it is close to the glacial melt water. However, it should be borne in mind that the water purified by reverse osmosis, contains very little mineral salts.

For there is no single opinion about the benefit or harm of such water for health. Part of doctors believe that its use has a negative impact on the cardiovascular system, the normal operation of which depends on the intake of sufficient amounts of potassium and magnesium. Problem can be solved using additional cartridges, ensuring forced mineralization and recovery of the water structure.

A reverse osmosis filter as compared to the conventional free-flow filter that is considered to be expensive, but this is not always the case. If you are water meters, and you are concerned that three quarters of the water in the filter works to merge into the sewer, keep in mind that one liter of cold tap water in Moscow costs about 3 cents, and in comparison with the use of high-quality filter these costs are immaterial.

What does this all mean?

Reverse osmosis was originally invented as a means to desalinate the sources of brackish water or sea water and should be used as a tool for which it is intended.

Contrary to its reputation, reverse osmosis does not eliminate 100% of all pollutants and reduction rates and certificates vary widely depending on the pollutant in question.

OI membranes can be damaged and destroyed by chlorine found in most municipal water supplies and therefore require pre-filtration of carbon.

Reverse osmosis water treatment systems are one of the most complicated types of systems on the market today and require pre-filters, storage tanks, pumps, drain connections and diligent maintenance and testing.

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6 Types of Health That Make Up You Part VI

“Take Control of Your Health Naturally”

Environmental Health

Environmental health is often the most neglected part of our health as it is also the newest recognized part of the human health. Environmental health is the effects of our civilization, culture, personal habits, pollution, population growth, and travel on human health. It is a new science that measures a variety of factors leading to acquired and congenital diseases. Congenital diseases are caused by genetic defects or factors that harm fetal development.

Examples of Environmental Health Concerns:

Food management is a major concern which not only includes the fertilizers and pesticides used in the growth of plants but the growth hormones and type of process used with meat. Birth defeats have been linked back to these exact things.

Water quality is to make sure there is proper drain to control stagnate water. Stagnate water attracts mosquitoes which carries and spreads disease. The other aspect is the purification of water for drinking water, water to cook and irrigate crops.

Disease control comes into play with the administration of vaccines and promotion of personal hygiene along with the proper disposal of waste.

Housing and Transportation has implemented changes such as lead free paint, removing asbestos, electric cars to help with carbon monoxide pollution in the air.

Pollution has many aspects of concern such as air pollution, chemical waste management, and solid waste management which includes recycling, landfills, and composting.

Climate Change is an aspect of environmental health that deals with rising temperatures, rising sea levels, and melting glaciers.

Environmental wellness has evolved into many different concerns that are now having to be addressed as a consequence of our actions. The evolution of the earth's health is highly dependent upon the decisions we make each day. It is not just up to the government, it is up to each of us to do our part to help maintain our natural resources. A healthy environment leads to a healthy you.

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Black Mold Is Dangerous! Here Is How to Remove It

The persistent existence of toxic black mold in the home is extremely dangerous to humans. Black mold produces a toxin called mycotoxins. If you are exposed to this mold for a longer period, you can notice:

Some skin disorders
respiratory problems
Allergies or asthma
Rheumatic diseases
Damage to internal organs
nausea
mental injury
headaches
eye irritation
fever and rashes
sneezing

This kind of mold can cause severe health problems, and in extreme cases, it may lead to death.

Nobody can guarantee that the mold in the house is a black mold. All molds look similar and smell similar. Testing is expensive, but it is the necessary first step to determine what kind of mold is there at your home. It is also crucial to understand what the black mold is, how to prevent its appearance and growth and how to remove it.

How to recognize black mold?

It is a microscopic living organism. As a result of increased moisture in the house for an extended period, it can grow on many indoor materials which are high in cellulose and low in nitrogen. Indoor materials which are high in cellulose and low in nitrogen are:

gypsum board
lint
paper
cotton
dust
cardboard
wicker

Black mold tends to be dark black, but it can be grayish black, or greenish. Earthy smells which are exceptionally strong is a sign of black mold presence.

How to prevent black mold appearance and its growth

The first step of prevention is reducing the moisture in the home. Indoor plants, showering, bathing, cooking, washing and drying clothes in the house increase humidity. Additional moisture we create ourselves – with breathing and sweating. The average family of four all over a day can “produce” approximately 10 liters of water! Here are some ways to reduce the humidity in the house:

Do not dry your clothes at home
Close the door from the kitchen and bathroom
Minimize the number of indoor plants
The temperature in all rooms to be around 20 degrees Celsius
The humidity in the air should be around 45%
Add some fresh air to your home on a regular basis. Condensation on windows is a sign that you have to aerate (ventilate). You have to open the windows for 5 minutes, 3-4 times a day. This short period is quite sufficient to change the air and will not cool the room.
If any area in the house has become wet, you must clean it up and dry it as soon as possible to prevent mold appearing.

How to remove black mold

If you have black mold in your home every time, do not try to remove it on your own because massive amounts of spores and mycotoxins can be released through your home. The best way is to arrange a professional mold removal service and to move to other accommodation until the black mold has been removed entirely. After that, you should arrange the another mold removal service to confirm that all spores of the mold were removed. f you do not have enough money to arrange professional mold service according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention you can clean the mold using bleach or soap and water. In this case:

1. Seal the room affected by a black mold with plastic sheets to prevent spreading mold spores.
2. Never mix bleach with other household cleaners. This combination can produce dangerous toxic fumes.
3. Wear protective equipment: Use clothes that can completely cover you, gloves, respirator mask and eye protection.
4. Open the window and run a fan to blow out a window.

The other methods for black mold removal

1. Sprinkle the part of the wall with mold with baking soda and then rub it with vinegar. This mix will create a reaction, and the mold will be destroyed.

2. Mix two teaspoons of tea tree oil and 500 ml of water. Put this potion in a bottle with a spray. Apply to the section with black mold and allow it to stand there for one hour. First, clean the mold with a brush and after that with a sponge or cloth and finally with a towel. Do not rinse the wall. Only wipe it with a dry towel. Tea tree will prevent the growth of mold. If you can not find tea tree oil, then you can do this procedure with vinegar.

3. You can get rid of black mold with the following ingredients too.

900 grams of borax
400 grams of boric acid
1.4 liters of vinegar

The ingredients are dissolved in 10 liters of water. Heat the solution at 50-70 degrees Celsius and then sprinkle it on the affected area.

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Where To Find And How To Deal With Different Types Of Asbestos

Initially considered a safe and useful material, asbestos was used in many types of buildings for its desirable insulating properties. However, since the late 1990s, asbestos has not been used in any kind of building projects; This is due to the overwhelming medical evidence that shows that asbestos is, in fact, a deadly material. It is easily breathed into the lungs, where is cause cause scarring and lead to many types of cancer. This article looks at places where asbestos was previously used, so that you may identify its presence and take the correct action to safeguard you and your family's health.

Loose Asbestos

In domestic properties, this form of asbestos was used as an insulating material; it can be found in wall cavities, in loft spaces and under floorboards. It looks almost like a blue / gray color of candy floss. This is probably the most dangerous type of asbestos that was used, as it is made entirely of pure asbestos. To remove this, you will need to hire a licensed asbestos removal specialist.

Felt Asbestos

This type of asbestos was used with felt to create roofing that was able to provide insulation for the building. If you are unsure of the nature of the felt, it is always safer to assume that asbestos is present along with the felt. This type of asbestos can be removed safely by a homeowner, providing they follow local authority guidelines.

Cement Asbestos

This type of asbestos is a mixture of white asbestos (chrysotile) and concrete to provide a sturdy and insulated product, suitable for many areas around the home and yard. The most common places this particular type of asbestos can be found include:
• Downpipes and gutters
• Fire surrounds and water tanks
• Wall cladding
• Cement roofs
• Flues

Unfortunately, this type of asbestos is hard to distinguish from regular cement. If you do know that asbestos is present, you may remove it yourself, as long as you follow the guidelines issued by your own local authority. If you are unsure, call out a specialist for confirmation.

Coated Asbestos

This type of asbestos was sprayed onto the beams and flooring of a property, and sometimes sprayed onto the underside of the roof. It is a white / gray color, and has a rough feeling surface. When the asbestos was being sprayed on, it was easy for the material to 'splash back' and as a result, may have leaked onto the surrounding area. This is a very dangerous type of asbestos, and you will need a licensed specialist to remove it for you.

Never take any risks with any type of asbestos; if unsure, assume that it is present and call in a specialist for confirmation.

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Could This Report Be The Definitive Answer To Sanitation & Hygiene?

Over the years, individuals have been developed from being not all that cognizant about the cleanliness of the environment up to knowing the hazardous effects and advantages of being spotless and green. In this way, today, we dependably go for cleanliness, but how good we are to give enough space for well-being in our daily life? Sometimes pause holds the answer.

The ideas of sanitation and hygiene have been acquainted with us since we were young. Keeping surrounding clean was dependedably educated to us by our parents, teachers, guardians, and restore experts. In addition, government officials, and socialists had left foot prints of to keep surrounding clean by organizing numerous campaigns to learn more about the benefits of hygiene environment.

Are there any contrasts between sanitation and hygiene? Give me a chance to elaborate.

“If Hygiene is a necessity, then Sanitation is a need. And the difference lies between Priorities.”

We are familiar to cope with nature barriers, and “Hygiene” is characterized as a combined group of practices that is seen by uniting individuals to be a route towards healthy living or great well-being. And “Sanitation,” then again, is characterized as the path in which people advance healthy life and great well-being by anticipating human contact with squanders and different types of microorganisms that cause malady.

To put it plainly, both words are implied for counteractive action and well-being advancement. There is a belief that hygiene is regularly connected with the human body and most of the evidence suffices the same indeed, perhaps few floats in our morning activities, such as “Hygiene” for our body by brushing our teeth, bathing, and so on. Washing hands is likewise some portion of cleanliness and is considered as the all inclusive precautionary measure in keeping the transmission of microorganisms.

Moving further, “Sanitation,” is all about human waste, biological waste, and different types of waste and also we can say that few human activities are evident in poor sanitation and there are diverse varieties of varieties in it. And the list begins with essential sanitation practice of human defecation such as the way people arrange and treat different types of waste. And the second, sustenance sanitation is reliably suitable treatment of nourishment. Third, ecological sanitation which involves modern sanitation and so forth, and in conclusion, biological sanitation which tries to duplicate how nature functions through the reusing of human and creature squander into a more valuable type of material.

The ideas of sanitation and hygiene are critical to human well-being and in addition the soundness of whatever remains of the species on this planet. We bought to deal with each other and likewise be in charge of each other to care for every human being around us. Since we just have one planet, then we bought to step up with regards to getting concordance and peace to our green environment to save the today for better tomorrow.

In this regard, the orchestra for nature call has been important in most of the crowded area to dispose of the bodily waste in a proper way without affecting the surrounding. Having said that, most of the industrial workplace does not have proper sanitation arrangements for their employees, and they prefer using free space to loosen up, for instance, it sounds creepy, but it's a reality too. The reasons for the inconvenience are plenty, and most of them are covered as lack of water facility but moving towards the head of the tail, the truth is undetermined.

The sheer amount of human waste in open space is fierce and makes way for deadly diseases causing adverse effects. It's a real thing, and we need to sort it out by employing proper sanitation methods, such as constructing lavatories according to the individual's count at the workplace or renting portable toilets on a temporary basis.

The rental amenity is contributing immensely to minimize the poor sanitation at public gatherings, festivals, and carnivals and so forth. Then, installing units at industrial workplace ensures a healthy environment and provides much better way for a comfort zone. The vendors will take the responsible for delivery, pickup, and maintenance of the product, so it is useful, compact and less expensive.

There is a bonding need to do with individual propensities for substantive cleanliness and sanitation, let's make it happen by embracing the wellbeing.

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Water Awareness, the Safest Water to Drink

Everyday water needs:

A normally active person needs a minimum of 1/2 gallon per day to survive. We can survive without food for much longer periods than we can survive without water. Having sufficient for drinking, prepare food, and to attend to hygiene requirements is at least one gallon per day per person. The best way to ensure we have enough stored, is to develop a plan. We must have knowledge of the dangers of relying on an established source that, due to the situation, must be treated as if it is contaminated. There are many reasons that a supply can be lost or contaminated. Never trust established supplies in the event of floods, wildfires, hurricanes or home fires. Never, under any conditions, drink or use flood water or when contaminated from a fire due to chemicals that are transported along in the stream. Likewise, never use a stagnant pool. It can not be purified without the use of specially designed equipment.

Precautions:

It is recommended to store one gallon of water per day per person, or six gallons per person for a week. This amount will supply enough for drinking and cooking. Used sparingly, there may be enough for personal cleanliness. Always drink the recommended 1/2 gallon per day. Do not become dehydrated. It is recommended to have additional available for brushing teeth, washing hands and cleaning utensils.

Do not use milk or soft drink bottles to store water. It is very difficult to remove all traces of the residual milk and sugars from the soft drinks and they are suspect to creating an environment that bacteria may develop and breed in. If tap water is to be used and chlorine is added to the supply by your supplier, it will be safe to use. When stored from a tap it may be maintained by cycling it through your normal daily uses and must be replaced at a minimum every 6 months. Using the water will keep it current and usable. Buy food grade containers that are available at most hardware and outdoor stores. Do not use glass containers. There is the possibility of breakage and causing injury. If upon use, your water has a musty or stale smell, it's due to a lack of oxygen. Pour from one container to another to aerate. It will improve the taste and will be safe if properly stored.

Storage:

Pre-packaged water, bought in a store, is some of the most reliable for drinking. Pay attention to the expiration date. This may also be cycled through your normal day to day uses. When purchased from emergency supply vendors normally has a shelf life of a few years. A very good place to store part of your supply is in the freezer. There most likely will not be enough space to store very many gallons, However, the amount that is stored will turn to ice and can help preserve your frozen food in the event of electrical power loss.

In the event that water is not available from traditional sources, the amount remaining in house pipes, freezer ice and the hot water heater may be used. Rainwater, streams that flow, rivers, ponds, lakes and natural springs are safe after boiling for a minimum of 3 minutes and treating with 8 drops of unscented bleach (sodium hypochlorite 5.25%) per 1 gallon of clear water. Use 16 drops in cloudy water. The water should have a residual smell of chlorine. If not, treat again. Let the water stand for 15 minutes and if it again does not smell chlorine, discard the water and repeat the procedure. Never drink or use flood water under any circumstances. A paint strainer is an excellent way to strain water to remove bits of debris.

I hope this short water discussion will inspire discussions and thoughts on what we can do on a personal level to become self reliant and therefore be in a position to assist others in catastrophic situations.

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Get to Know the Indoor Air You’re Breathing

Over the past few months, there has been too much discussion on the rising levels of air pollution. Several studies have confirmed that air pollution is on the rise and it's time to take a serious action towards it. And it should not come as a surprise that outdoor air pollution affects our homes by bringing in a plethora of harmful viruses, bacteria, allergens and other dangerous pollutants that are hard to be noticed by naked eyes.

Even if you keep the doors and windows closed, natural ventilation tends to bring in allergens and small dust particles under 2.5 micrometers, to be exact. Although it may not produce immediate effects, breathing the contaminated air can cause various health problems such as chest congestion, blocked nose, rhinitis, and eye irritation. Therefore, it is extremely necessary to maintain clear air in your home to ensure better health for the inhabitants.

According to various reports, it has been found that the levels of Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) can exceed tolerable limits for fine particles 100 times. It was also revealed that women and young children are more prone to harmful effects. The reason behind is they spend most of their time carrying out the domestic job. According to WHO, 4.3 million people in a year succumb to death from the exposure to indoor air pollution. Young children and older adults tend to have a weaker immune system; since they are more vulnerable to conditions such as asthma, heart disease and lung disease.

Some general effects of getting exposed to indoor air pollutants are:

Short Term
• Blocked nose and eye irritation
• Chest congestion
Hypersensitivity and allergies
• Rhinitis
• Bronchitis

Long Term
• Long term effects have a much longer impact lasting for years or an entire lifetime
• Heart disease
• Respiratory disease
• Damage to nerves, brain, kidneys and liver

Some common polluters in this category include:
Pollens from plants;
• Viruses, which are spread by people and animals;
• Mold;
• Bacteria, which are transported by people, animals, and soil and plant debris;
• Household pets, which are sources of saliva and animal dander (skin flakes);
• Droppings and body parts from cockroaches, rodents and other pests or insects;
• Viruses and bacteria;
• The protein in urine from rats and mice is a potent allergen. When it dries, it can become airborne;
• Contaminated central air handling systems can become breeding grounds for mold, mildew and other sources of biological contaminants and can then distribute these contaminants through the home

In order to combat indoor air pollution, air purifiers are truly the best available solution. These electronic devices work silently and let you breathe clean and fresh air in your home.

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