Four Tips on Hiring Medical Waste Management Companies

If you wish to hire a gardener, a plumber, or a domestic help then you can go about it any way you like. Hiring medical waste management companies, on the other hand, is slightly different. Now it's not a question of your lawn, pipes, or kitchen but the reputation of your organization is at stake and there's also the risk of possible fines for non-compliance.

To help you out below I'm compiling a list of four tips which will help you in this regard.

Check if they are complying with the laws

You need to make sure that the medical waste management company you are hiring complies with the relevant rules of law and that it helps you comply. If you want to do medical waste management properly then both you and the company you hired must follow their share of rules.

Check how much experience the company has under their belt

Experience is one of the most important determining factors in a company's reputation, just like it is when you are hiring a person for a job.

A company that has been doing its business for several years means that they know what they are doing and that they are doing it profitably which exemplifies customers are trusting them. They have seen the industry grow and trends change so they are in a better position to serve you.

Ask if they will remain accessible

By this I mean will they remain accessible even after they've done the job? Medical waste management often requires that some things will be left off and you will need to call them later to tighten some loose ends.

If that situation arises, you should not have to call them several times or leave messages only to someone call back after five days. Make sure that the company you are hiring takes professionalism seriously and has a trained staff which is dedicated to customer support.

Which brings us to …

Check how professional they are

Unlike hazardous waste disposal where the pick site is often industrial, medical waste disposal means they'll visit your office. So the people coming to pick up the medical waste will often have to walk right through waiting areas and past patients.

Before, drivers should be properly dressed in a clean, neat, professional uniform. They should be themselves with respect to waiting doctors, doctors, nurses, administrative staff, and others in the medical office.

Above all, they should be knowledgeable about the industry and be able to answer any questions you might have, or at least direct you to someone who can answer them.

With a little bit of research you should be able to know which one of the medical waste management companies you should hire. It is not complicated stuff.

{ Comments are closed }

Medical Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods

Medical waste needs some care for being treated of properly. The main problem in dealing with medical waste is the risk of infection. Pathological wastes may contain dangerous and contagious infectious agents and so can laboratory cultures. Sharps (sharp objects like scissors and injections) if mismanaged can insert harmful agents directly into the bloodstream.

Hazardous wastes are a category in and by itself but they can overlap with medical waste. I mean a waste can be medical and hazardous at the same time. Such medical hazardous waste contains highly toxic compounds like those used in chemotherapy, and therefore are subject to special regulations under the federal law.

Below I shall describe two ways how such waste should be deal with.

Incineration

Incineration refer to the act of burning the medical hazardous waste. The three main types of incinerators that are used are controlled air, excess air, and rotary kiln.

Although controlled-air incineration is the most widely used medical waste incinerator (MWI) technology, and now dominates the market for new systems at hospitals and similar medical facilities.

Thermal processes

Processes that rely on heat ie thermal energy to destroy pathogens in the waste are called thermal processes. This category is further subdivided into low-heat, medium-heat, and high-heat thermal processes. This further division is necessary because physical and chemical reactions that take place in thermal processes change drastically at different temperatures.

Low-heat thermal processes are those that use heat energy to decontaminate the waste at temperatures which are insufficient to cause chemical breakdown or to support combustion. In general, low-heat thermal technologies operate between 200 F to about 350 F (93 C to 177 C).

Medium-heat thermal processes take place at temperatures between 350 F to 700 F (177 C to 370 C) and involve the chemical breakdown of organic material. These processes are the basis for relatively new technologies.

High-heat thermal processes generally operate at temperatures ranging from around 1,000 F to 15,000 F (540 C to 8,300 C). This intense heat is provided by electrical resistance, induction, natural gas, and / or plasma energy.

Waste which is considered both as medical waste and hazardous waste ie medical hazardous waste can be particularly difficult to deal with, since most service providers that handle treatment and disposal of medical wastes are not willing to accept hazardousous wastes, and vice versa.

Therefore the logical thing to do here is to hire a good medical waste disposal company that deals with medical hazardous waste. They will take care of things for you.

{ Comments are closed }

How To Get Rid of Lead From Drinking Water

Lead in drinking water has been in the news a lot laTely. It came to light in a big way after a series of major mistakes occurred in Flint, Michigan. Those mistakes led to a large number of residents getting poisoned by lead in their drinking water.

It took nearly a year before the drinking water crisis in Flint, MI became a national news story. There were a number reports about the problem, but nothing got serious until late 2015. Then, other reports came from different cities in the US It seemed that the people of Flint, MI were not the only ones exposed to lead contaminated water. Major cities like Chicago and Philadelphia had lead problems.

The problem is being addressed but not nearly as fast as it should be. The main focus seess to be on getting the lead lines replaced. To be sure that needs to happen. But, there are other things that need attention.

To begin, if someone is concerned about lead in their water, they need to know for sure. The only way to know for sure is to test the water. Actually, they need to test their water twice.

Why two?

Because they need to know if the lead is coming from their plumbing or from the water supplier. So, the first test they make is on the first draw of water that comes from the faucet that is used most for drinking and cooking. The water must sit in the lines for at least 8 hours, 12 hour is better.

If the test show high lead levels, then the second test needs to be done. To do the second test, use the same faucet as in the first test. This time flush the line for at least three minutes. This will test the water that is coming from the water supplier. If it is high, you need to get a whole house filter.

If the lead level is low or zero, you need to take action. First, flush the lines for at least three minutes before getting a drink or using it to cook. Next, you need to consider point of use filter devices. These devices must be able to remove lead so be sure to read the label.

If you are the homeowner, you also need to create a plan to get rid of the lead piping in the house. It is an expensive project to do this. You could also look into coating the inside of the lead pipes with an epoxy coating. It is less disruptive and will last for decades.

Some of the devices you can use to get rid of lead from your water are:

  • Whole house filters – These connect to the main line coming into the house. Only get a whole house filter if the lead is coming from outside the home.
  • Point of Use filters – These connect directly to the faucet at the point where it is used. Be sure the product you buy will actually remove lead. Not all of them do.
  • Water Filter Pitchers – These are water pitchers that have a built-in filter. Again, be sure the product you get will remove lead.
  • Reverse Osmosis – These can provide almost pure water. They can be whole house or point of use devices. Select the one that is right based on the tests you performed.
  • Distillers – Water distillers can also provide almost pure water. They are more batch type devices. They usually come in one gallon, 2 gallon, 5 gallon capacities.

Just be sure to test your water if you are planning to get anything other than a point of use device. Testing is the most important step. You may find you do not even need a filter of any kind.

{ Comments are closed }

Did You Catch a Cold or a Mold?

“When you hear hoof beats, think horses not zebras.” This old saying reflects the mindset of why people with cold-like symptoms are not likely to consider mold as a source of their ailments. Knowing when to stop treating a cold and check for mold can save you considering discomfort if you're sensitive to mold allergens.

Nearly everyone experiences the effects of the common cold in his or her lifetime. Stuffy nose, coughing, sore throat, itchy or watery eyes, and wheezing are many of the symptoms of a cold virus. Winter or the rainy season is the most likely time of year to catch a cold, although colds can occur at any time.

Like it or not, we need mold in the world. Mold breaks down organic matter such as decomposing grasses, leaves and insects. Mold spores are everywhere and are easily transportable. Spores can hitch a ride on clothing, shoes, pet fur and the wind. Mold occurs where there's moisture, including dessert climates. In fact, there is no place on earth where mold does not exist.

So how can you tell the difference between a cold virus and the effects of mold? The following questions may help you realize when to check for mold instead of treating a cold.

• Do multiple people in the home have a variety of cold-like symptoms?
• Do symptoms go away after spending several hours in another location such as work or school?
• Do the cold-like symptoms persist after two weeks without significant change?
• Do symptoms worsen in youngger children over time, changing from coughing to asthma?

Waking up day after day, week after week, with typical cold-like symptoms is not normal or healthy. There are several accounts where people have gone years thinking that they were highly susceptible to colds, not realizing mold caused their ongoing suffering. Only after mold growth was visible did the real culprit get exposed.

Mold lives in moist areas. If moisture has accumulated in a hidden area such as interior walls, sub-floors, air conditioners, ceiling joists and such, mold will follow. There is a variety of tests you can perform to check for mold growth. There are various mold-killing products you can purchase from home improvement stores, and companies that specialize in mold removal.

If you have a persistent cold that you just can not shake, check the calendar. How long has your cold been around? If the answer is two weeks or more, it's time to start looking for zebras. Hidden mold should not be endured. Unlike the common cold, there is a cure for mold growth in your home.

{ Comments are closed }

A History of the Water Bottle

The water bottle. We all use it, whether it's in the home or on a long car trip to visit friends or family, the water bottle has incorporated itself in the lives of so very many. Today we would define the water bottle as a plastic container with a narrow neck to provide ease of drinking, however this was not always the case. For the purpose of this article, I would define the water bottle as a vessel for handheld water, as we explore the evolution of this vessel to arrive at the plastic container with the narrow neck.

Perhaps one of the first water vessels were gourds. Gourds are part of the cucurbitaceous family, which comprises of melons, pumpkins and cucumbers. Evidence of gourds being grown dates back to around 8000-9000 BC in Africa. These gourds are known as calabash or “bottle gourd” and when dried were capable of water storage or being used as a utensil or pipe.

Sometime around 5000 BC, the Chinese were one of the first to discover how to successfully transport large amounts of water through the use of potted jars. While these are typically not the “handed vessel for water” these large jars were typically carried by hand for long distances as the ancient china chariot did not appear until 1200 BC. Drinking of the water was done via pouring into a potty bowl or cup.

Moving forward to 3000 BC, a more practical method of transporting handheld water in a container was derived by the Ancient Assyrians. While this method was initially used to create floatation devices, it was not long after that water was held using this method. The method of doing so was to use the bladder of an animal, commonly from a cow or sheep. Today this vessel is known as the water skin, since no “skin” being apparent in the vessel itself.

By 1500 BC, the first hollow glass container was created by the Romans by covering a core of sand with molten glass. However, it was not until the first century BC, that glass blowing became more common use in creating vessels for water. Even so, at this time, the glass was discolored due to the sheer number of impurities when creating the glass that it was not until the first century AD that the glass blowers discovered ways to remove the impurities and create glass that was clear and not discolored. Today glass is still very widely used commercially, and additives are added to provide color in many glass products.

From there on, glass has been the main material used for drinking vessels, until early to mid-1900s when canteens were used for the military, primarily constructed with steel or aluminum. These canteens were found to be poor in design and would easily leak when prompted which was quite common in the army. These bottles were one of the first commercially used with screw caps instead or stoppers or corks.

This finally leads us to the plastic bottle, being first manufactured for commercial use in 1947 and continues to dominate the preferred vessel for water, whether it be large or small.

{ Comments are closed }

Things You Didn’t Know About Alkaline Water

If you check the web for diet programs, you will be spoiled for choices. Some diets have been slammed by health experts, while some continue to be a choice of thousands of people. The alkaline diet belongs to the latter, and the concept of alkaline water actually comes from the theory of this very diet. Here are some of the things you need to know.

Why Alkaline Water?

Anti-Oxidants alkaline water is basically chemically processed in a factory or lab and has a better pH. The alkaline diet says that eating alkaline foods and beverages can help in keeping many body problems at bay and promote good health. Under this diet, a person must follow the fresh food concepts and avoid some of the basic diet staples, including meat and dairy. No wonder, people do have their concerns, and that's the reason, many prefer just sticking to alkaline water, which offers almost the same kind of benefits.

Quick Facts:

First and foremost, alkaline beverages are also called high pH beverages at times. The nature of a substance – acid or alkaline – is determined on the pH scale. Anything with a higher pH is considered to alkaline, while a level of 6 or less is usually considered acidic. Regular tap water has a pH of 5 to 6, while high pH water has a level of 9 or more. Naturally, when water around the streams passes through rocks, minerals and other substances are added, this makes the pH better. Of course, most people will not have access to natural stream water. Thankfully, there are a number of brands that sell water with a better pH, and all you have to do is replace your regular drinking water with packaged alkaline beverages.

What are the Benefits?

There are many claims that are associated with drinking alkaline or pH balanced water. These include better hydration rate, boosting of metabolism and regulation of blood sugar levels. Keep in mind that a lot of these benefits are yet to be studied medically, but if you are someone who likes to stay healthy, there is nothing wrong with starting with a concept that only assures positive changes. People who are dealing with diabetes and obesity will find this as a good way to assist their current form of treatment and exercise. Also, some brands add minerals and vitamins, so basically; your body is getting more than just water with every sip.

Before you start with any brand, always try to find the details of their product. There are many celebs and thousands of common people who have been benefited from the alkaline diet. In fact, when you do not have the energy or commitment for the entire diet program, changing your regular drinking water is the easiest step that you can undertake. As more studies and researchers are completed on the diet in future, probably we will know much more. For now, start focusing on neutralizing acids in your body! If you have questions, always talk to a doctor for more insightful ideas.

{ Comments are closed }

Water Disinfection

Microbiological pollution of drinking water is a risk. The traveler should not consume water even from the best hotels. The traveler should only consume safe drinks such as:

· Beverages made with boiled water (broth, herbal tea, tea, coffee);

· Bottled water (water, juice or soft drinks of renovated brand, beer, wine);

· Water pretreated by means of a reliable method: boiling, chemical disinfection, fine filtration, purification.

1. Boiling:

· Rolling boil for two (2) minutes, five (5) minutes.

· To improve the taste, add a pinch of salt per liter.

Advantages: the most reliable method. No toxicity.

Disadvantages: Not always practical, and requires pot heater.

2. Chemical Disinfection:

Iodine: For the best result, it is best to filter it before.

· 05 iodine drops to 2% or a compressed tetraglycine hydroperiodide per liter of water. This product is sold in pharmacies or in sports stores or stores specializing in travel.

· Let stand in a function of temperature:

Cold water (between 5 and and 15 C C), leave for 120 minutes;

Warm water (between 15 ° and 20 ° C), let stand 60 minutes;

Water to over 20 ° C, let stand 30 minutes.

· Stir the solution frequently.

Advantage: Easy.

Disadvantages: It is contraindicated in pregnant women because it can affect the fetus. Not recommended for children, people with a thyroid disorder, or allergic to iodine or for regular use for more than three weeks because of its harm to the thyroid gland. Iodine taste. 30 minutes contact time to over 20 ° C.

Chlorine: For the best result, it is best to filter it before.

· Two (2) drops of bleach (4-6%) per liter of water.

· Chlorine tablets lose their effectiveness in a few months and are not recommended to use.

· Let stand 30 minutes to more than 20 ° C.

· Stir the solution frequently.

To hide the taste of iodine or chlorine that can be found in the treated water, just add vitamin C tablets or fruit juice powder.

Advantage: Easy.

Disadvantages: Chlorine is less effective than iodine, especially against Giardia cysts. Chlorine taste. Efficiency varies depending on the pH, temperature, turbidity of the water and organic contaminants. 30 minutes contact time to more than 20 ° C. Need for fine filtration in advance.

With one of these two methods of chemical disinfection, the water can be kept several days without refrigeration.

3. Fine filtration:

· Supplement prior to disinfection, never use it alone.

· Depending on the size of the pores of the filter, it is possible to remove bacteria and cysts, but not viruses. Filters with pores less than 1 micron eliminate bacteria and parasites.

· Several types are available to travelers.

Advantages: Fast, convenient, easy to carry, effective against Giardia cysts.

Disadvantages: Costly, ineffective against viruses, regular maintenance (change of an item or cleaning), and possible obstruction. Life varies according to the amount of contaminants in water. Sometimes difficult to know what time the filter is no longer effective.

4. Purification devices:

· Resin impregnated with iodine, with or without a filter.

· A device with a membrane having pores less than 1 micron and an iodine impregnated resin may be used for disinfection in one step.

Advantages: Chemical disinfection with iodine with or without filtration. Convenient

Disadvantages: Costly, regular maintenance. Sometimes difficult to know what time the filter is no longer effective. Lack of independent efficiency study.

{ Comments are closed }

Explaining Reverse Osmosis

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is constantly surveying our local water supplies for new contaminants, in order to safely supervise and regulate the condition of our drinking water. According to them, apportioned levels of certain contaminants are safe to ingest, and therefore allowed, in our drinking water, but many people prefer water that is entirely contaminant-free. In order to achieve this level of water purification, millions of homes have chosen to use reverse osmosis. Continue reading to learn what contaminants linger in our drinking water, and how reverse osmosis combats them.

Reverse Osmosis Water Filtration

Water can be contaminated in many ways, but most often, pollution is the root cause. Pollutants like household cleaners, fertilizers, and industrial waste can see into local rivers and waterways. Treatment plants often add chemicals to water in order to neutralize contaminants. For instance, chlorine is added to prevent the growth of microbes; but adding chemicals like this gives water a funny taste and odor. Reverse osmosis is essentially a technology that removes contaminants from drinking water without having to add any chemicals.

This technology utilizes water pressure and semi-permeable membranes to remove the majority of contaminants from drinking water. They provide safe, great-tasting, crystal-clear water on demand. Depending on the level of contaminates in the local area, some homes may need one system for just a particular area, while others will need one for the entire property.

How It Works

Reverse osmosis is achieved by using a specialized plumbing device. These plumbing devices are referred to as “RO systems” and contain four primary parts equipped on all models. These parts include a prefilter, postfilter, RO membrane, and storage tank. City or well water will enter the property through the prefilter. The prefilter is meant to work as a body guard for the membrane, filtering out all the sediment and contaminants that can harm it. This not only protects the membrane, it extends its life. Although the prefilter has an important role in filtering, the membrane does the major filter work.

The RO membrane is semi-permeable, meaning that some things can pass through and some can not. In terms of water filtration, it depends on the molecular charge and size of the particle. Water particles can pass through the pores of the membrane, but particles like smoke or paint pigments are too large and get filtered out. The water that makes it through the membrane is called the permeate stream. This stream of water is not only safe to drink, it also tastes really good! And to increase convenience, permeate stream water is stored in a storage tank for on demand, clean water. Any contaminants that arise in the storage tank are picked up by the postfilter, making routine replacement necessary.

{ Comments are closed }

Know More About Ozone and Ozone Air Purifiers

Ozone or tri-oxygen is found in the earth's stratosphere in very low concentrations. It has a spiky smell that resembles that of chlorine and we can literally smell them even when they are in lower concentrations.

So what does ozone basically do ?.

SO IT BASICALLY SCREENS HARMFUL RAYS !! Then why the heck are some companies using it in air purifiers? Well are you getting fooled by these companies or is there some pitch in their deals when they talk all big about ozone air purifiers?

Marketing is actually a skill; and when a customer goes to purchase something he or she should be treated as a king and that is how it works. But right now these marketers are a highly talented bunch of thugs who can actually make a fool out of you without even letting you know that. Oops !! I guess that was a bit harsh, but still that's the fact.

We have been listening all the buzz about ozone air cleaners and purifiers and was wondering what on earth this product is all about. I mean why do we act like gods and why do not we let the ozone stay up at its place? It is only meant to filter ultra violet radiations and not to purify the air. Ozone air purifier manufactures claim that ozone gas actually helps to filter out contaminants like harmful gases, toxins and other irritants along with giving out a fresh smell.

What do they tell you about ozone air purifiers?

Ask the ladies at your house about the face bleach creams that they use. It is a common instruction that is found in those bleaches not to use around the eyes and it is due to the presence of ozone in it as it is considered as an irritant gas. It can cause coughs, lung problems like asthma, chest pain and shortness of breath. So in the first place why would one want to install such a thing to purify the air?

Please do not bring the ozone to your door steps as it is really harmful for your health and it reacts with many other substances like polymers, and even reacts with water easily to form complicated stuffs. Imagine when the ozone gas reacts with the water in your eyes it will easily strain your eyes so please avoid such bogus products and do not spend money on them.

Conclusion: If you own an ozone air purifier then first purify it by replacing with a normal one which does not contribute to the indoing indoor pollution. It's better not to own an air purifier than having an ozone purifier; at least you can stay safe from one extra irritant.

{ Comments are closed }

The Benefits Of An Air Purifier

You may have seen air purifiers advertised online or you may have seen them when out and about and you were wondering why you should have one in your home. These products are used in homes throughout the world offering you with a range of health benefits, some you may know and some you may not.

There are a number of benefits to choosing to introduce air purifiers into your home. They can be used in bedrooms and living rooms, even the office to make sure you get most benefit at all times.

The first advantage is that the air quality is immediately improved. It is important that you are aware that not all air purifiers are of the same quality, some come with a basic filter, while others also have a carbon filter which purifies the air at all times. Have a look at the options before you buy to ensure the one you choose is going to give you the best quality air at all times.

Remember we are exposed to toxins every single day and the air quality in the home may not be as good as you thought it was. Often cars driving past, factories and other pollution causing products will cut how clean the air is, which can have a negative impact on your health now and moving forward.

As you can imagine with improved air quality comes a reduced number of allergies, which can be very beneficial for you or anyone in the family who does suffer from allergies. Anyone who suffers from hay fever will find that using an air purifier at home and work will improve air quality, remove any allergens from the air and therefore making it easier to breathe and cut the need for anti-histamines at all times.

Clean air is always beneficial for everyone in the home. You get to cut the number of dangerous chemicals you inhale each day and give your lungs with clean air that you will not get without a good filtered air purifier. Remember that you want to cut toxins and chemicals, you want the cleanest and purest air that you can enjoy at all times, day and night, at home and at work.

Anyone suffering from respiratory diseases such as asthma will benefit very much from an air purifier. Asthma can be triggered by a number of factors from toxins in the air to dust in the home. The air we breathe is brimming with dangerous and harmful substances which can trigger an asthma attack at any time. Anyone suffering from this respiratory disease will know how dangerous their condition is and it is only manageable with medication. To cut the amount of medication you take every day, you can use an air purifier to ensure you enjoy clean air at all times, reducing the allergens you breathe and thereby reducing the risk of attack now and moving forward.

The last benefit to using an air purifier in the home or office is to eliminate smells and odors. Whether you are cooking up a family treat or you have just washed the floors with a strong chemical, you will find that putting on the air purifier will reduce the smell permeating through the property and give you clean air from the start.

These devices are cheap and easy to use, you simply plug them in and they do all the work. You will need to check, clean and replace the filter from time to time to ensure the air purifier continues to provide you with filtered and clean air at all times now and in the future.

{ Comments are closed }

Who Owns Florida’s Natural Freshwater Resources?

When consuming tap water at home, does one know or care where the water they consume is drawn from or originates? The water one drinks is usually pumped from a freshwater well if living in central Florida and the aquifer the well pumped from is more likely to be the Floridan aquifer or “public waterways”. Let's say for argument say that all natural (riparian) fresh water resources are owned by the state in which they return. Freshwater resources are loosely defined as rivers, lakes, streams, springs, and aquifers all of which are riparian (public) waterways. Legally speaking, riparian waterways in Florida are owned by the state, with five water resource management districts overseeing its regional distribution, storage, and supply. As a last resort, Florida law allows the transfer of fresh resources from one of the five regions to another.

What happens when a private entity owns thousands of contiguous acres with mineral rights to the land and wants to pump billions of gallons of freshwater annually, such as Florida's phosphate industry, from Florida's (public) aquifer systems. Florida law differentiates freshwater resources from mineral deposits. So freshwater resources remain in the public domain and minerals rights are not owned by the state, but bought and sold as private property. Riparian waterways are ownership of the state giving public citizens the right to use these waterways without an adjunct land owner's permission.

Florida laws say the entity owning the land, and the mineral rights do not own the public waterways for freshwater or saltwater traversing property boundaries (1). Surface and sub-surface waterways such as aquifers, rivers, lakes, streams, springs, and other tidal waterways are public domain. State issued permits are required in all five Florida water management regions to pump large volumes of water from Florida's (public) aquifers. Large volumes in this case are defined as millions of gallons per day.

One may wonder how so much water can be used on a daily basis. Agriculture in Florida pumps the most freshwater in the state. However, much of the water consumed by agriculture filters back to the aquifers or evaporates and then falls to earth as rain and so on. Meaning, freshwater being consumed by agriculture is naturally recycled.

Another mega-consumer of freshwater is Florida's phosphate industry. Interestingly, Florida's phosphate industry boasts their conservation of fresh resources but consumes “unmetered” volumes of freshwater from Florida's (public domain) aquifers on a daily basis. No one knows how much water is being consumed by the phosphate industry because their freshwater consumption has no enforced limits.

No limits on freshwater are mentioned because when stripping the land to reach the phosphate ore, everything else is also stripped away. The monstrous dragline shows no mercy to Florida's rivers, streams, lakes, springs, or aquifers systems. As the dragline removes the land surface, all life is removed and with it goes Florida's riparian (public waterways) as well.

The dragline strips the land including Florida's riparian waterways, digging through and completely removing rivers, springs, aquifers, lakes, water tables, and so on. (2) The amount of freshwater being entirely wasteful daily by strip mining can not be measured because the dragline removes all sources of freshwater, including riparian water resources by definition, as it strips the land. Amazingly large volumes of once clear fresh water now in giant man-made pits in the ground, some as large as a square mile and may be over one hundred feet in depth. These pits are so large one can see them on Google © Maps from space.

West Central Florida, seen from Google © Maps displays the untold depths of freshwater being wasted by Florida's phosphate industry. All those square blue holes seen in west central Florida are where draglines have scratched the earth, while industry produces super-sized rectified shaped pits in the Florida landscape and filled with billions of gallons of toxic water.

That's right; those big blue rectangular shapes on the map are not lakes. Those huge rectangular holding tanks (not lakes) are for billions of gallons of toxic wastewater by-products to be kept for an indefinite amount of time. The mountainous walls of the giant pits are made of radioactive phosphogypsum which is a toxic by-product of the production of fertilizers.

The proof of riparian waterways being destroyed by the phosphate industry is undeniable. State officials “see” the environmental damage as well, but do not enforce existing laws, or “permit” certain politically motivated allowances. Similarly, the phosphate industry is not held accountable for severe environmental impacts, over consumption of (public) freshwater resources while continuing creating numerous toxic pits of wasted freshwater resources.

Reference

1. FDEP – dep.state.fl.us/water/
2. Florida Faces Vanishing Water Supply: NPR. -npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=11097869

{ Comments are closed }

The Most Common Drinking Water Contaminants

With the water crisis in Flint, Michigan, it has never been more important to monitor your drinking water. Today. we'll take a look at the most common water contaminant, and what you can do to stop it affecting your family.

The water contaminant making all the headlines at the moment is lead. Lead is particularly dangerous because it is odorless, invisible, and has little effect on how water tastes. The corrosion of old water pipes, which use lead based solder, is the main cause of lead water pollution in homes. To truly know whether your home has a problem, you must get in contact with your local water authority. Statistics should be supplied online. Lead is particularly harmful to the young and pregnant, but its effects should not be taken lightly by anyone. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set the danger threshold of lead in water at 15 parts per billion, but the vulnerable should be wary of levels even close to this.

So, how do we keep unwanted lead away from our water?

1) Traditional cures like boiling water can work killing viruses, but have absolutely no impact on the removal of lead from water. If your local water supply has a problem with lead contamination, then the best solution is a home water filter. There are various types of water filter, each with their own method of filtration, and positive and negative effects. The most powerful from home water filtration is reverse osmosis. Reverse osmosis filters down to 0.001 microns, which is a much more stringent process than other types of water filter. This means that any particle larger than 0.001 will not be allowed to pass into the drinking supply. Lead particles range in size from 0.1 to 0.7 microns, so are easily “picked up” by the reverse osmosis filter.

2) Limit your interaction with hot water in your home. While the cold water supply may contain traces of lead, the hot water pipes will likely have much higher readings for lead pollution.

3) Flush your water pipes for a few minutes before using the water. Lead tend to leech into you water when it sits in the tank or pipes for long periods of time. By running the water before using it, you can limit the amount of lead that leeches into the water.

It's never been more important to know exactly what is in your drinking water. If you are concerned about the state of your water supply, then learning more about what reverse osmosis systems are available is a good start. Remember that just because your water looks and tastes good, does not mean that it's not doing you and your family harm. You can get information about what your state is doing to tackle the lead problem at The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website . Unfortunately, not every state has such high standards for water purity, and by taking initiative you can protect yourself and your family.

{ Comments are closed }

Tips for Buying Organic Food on a Bargain

Do a quick search online and you'll find several farmer's markets and organizations near your location that sell organic food. You've got excited once you find out that there are already a lot of small shops and markets selling organic food.

First Choice: The Farmer's Market

The farmer's market is one of the best sources of organic food items anywhere the world. They always supply fresh, local products for the local in their area. Once you get there, do not hesitate to ask around and find good food deals because you'll certainly come around tasty items at the cheap. It would be better if the farmer / store was recommended by a friend. Eating Food samples are always a reliable source of quality and taste.

There are food items called “seconds” which are misshaped version of the produce they sell but are still delicious and they sell it cheap. You can also get bulk-buying information and where you can find their food items if the farmer's market is not open.

Invest in the Agricultural Program of your community

There are certain areas with Community Supported Agriculture Programs (CSA) that invite shareholders for funding. Usually, investments go to cover for the overhead costs that the farmers incur when growing their produce. As a return of investment, shareholders get boxes of fresh produce each week to use in their homes. You are able to help the farmers and yourself with this investment which is a win-win situation for the community and local farming.

Bulk-buying your Organic Food Supply

For people who have the money, it is always good to purchase food items by bulk whether its organic or not. You'll be better off buying large containers of grains, nuts, beans, and lentils because you'll be able to save more money in the long run. You will not need to make additional trips to the store if you have an adequate storage area for these food items to last you several months. Some items are more perishable than others. Choose wisely on the food that you're going to store in bulk.

Winter Time purchases should be Frozen and / or Preserved

It's easy to concerne to expensive in-store food items during winter. But, you'd be better served by buying your favorite organic foods in preserved form. Organically-grown berries, peaches, corn, and peas are typically preserved in a jar for winter. They are still organic and they come at the cheap come winter time.

Organic Food should be Stored in a Freezer

Organic food storage needs a good freezer to be successfully done. Do not use your freezer to store take-out dinners and leftover pizza, always allocate storage space for your organic fruits and veggies especially when you do bulk-buying often. You'll find this very useful once winter season arrives.

Of course, there are tons of other ways to get good deals on your favorite organic foods. This is just meant to get you started. You can always start growing your own, or even exploring your online shopping options. There are tons of ways to score great deals while still getting the fresh and unmistakable taste of organic produce.

A little more research would help you find more ways to buy organic food on a bargain. Use the information you got here as a starter. It is also a good idea to grow food of your own or shop for food items online. Organic produce can be acquired in several different ways. You just have to find the ones that give you the best deal and the freshest produce.

{ Comments are closed }

The Dangers of Isopropyl Alcohol

As we've discussed in a previous post, there are many advantages of using isopropyl alcohol in the manufacturing process, but what we did not cover is some of the risks and dangers of IPA. Today we'll cover some of those issues so that you can take full advantage of isopropyl's benefits while mitigating the hazards of this potentially dangerous liquid.

The first thing I think of when I think of the dangers of isopropyl alcohol is its flammability. Isopropyl alcohol is highly flammable and can easily ignite. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air, traveling to a source of ignition and flash back, and use of water spray to fight fires may be inefficient. Isopropyl alcohol should be kept away from heat, sparks, flames and other sources of ignition, as well as strong oxidizers, acetaldehyde, chlorine, ethylene oxide, acids and isocyanates. A flammable safety cabinet is the best storage option.

Another danger of using isopropyl alcohol is poisoning. IPA poisoning occurs when the liver is no longer able to manage the amount of IPA in the body. Your body can handle small amounts of isopropyl alcohol. In fact, your kidneys remove approximately 20 to 50 percent of IPA from your body. The rest is broken down into acetone by enzymes known as alcohol dehydrogenases. This acetone is filtered out of your body through the lungs or kidneys.

Isopropyl alcohol can enter the body three ways: ingestion, inhalation, and absorption.

The first way is most direct, and easiest to avoid. Since ingesting IPA causes rapid inoxication, people sometimes drink it when conventional alcohol is unavailable, or as a means of suicide. ingesting isopropyl alcohol has an immediate effect on the central nervous system, which controls the involuntary actions of the body, including heartbeat, breathing and gag reflex. Isopropyl alcohol slows these functions and may shut them down altogether. IPA is so strong that it can induce hypothermia and consequent cardiac arrest. The blood's thinning also causes blood sugar levels to fall so sharply that seizures may result.

Isopropyl-Alcohol-Chemical-Label-LB-1591-074

Limiting access to large amounts of IPA can deter people from misusing the product in this way. IPA should always be kept in a container clearly marked, preferably with a GHS label. It should never be kept anywhere or in anything that might be mistaken for consumption, for example in a water bottle, or near where food is prepared or consumed.

Isopropyl alcohol inhalation occurs anytime you are around an open container, although working with reasonable amounts of IPA is generally safe, it can cause headaches. Inhaling large amounts of isopropyl alcohol can cause nausea, vomiting, irritation of the nose and mucous membranes, throat irritations, and even difficulty with breathing as coughing can occur making it difficult for you to catch your breath.

If breathing is impaired for an extended period of time and there is trouble getting enough oxygen into the bloodstream, you can become dizzy and even lose consciousness and require resuscitation. Always use IPA in a well ventilated area and utilize proper safety equipment in the event of a spill. If someone experiences breathing problems, the individual should immediately be removed and placed into fresh air. If the person's breathing is still impeded, call 911 immediately.

Isopropyl alcohol is readily absorbed through the skin, so spilling large amounts of IPA on the skin may cause incidental poisoning. Small amounts of IPA on the skin is generally not dangerous, but repeated skin exposure can cause itching, redness, rash, drying, and cracking. Prolonged skin contact may cause corrosion. Always wash thoroughly with soap and water when contact with IPA occurs, and always use safety equipment when dealing with large amounts of IPA.

Some of the effects of IPA poisoning are as follows:

Dizziness
Low blood pressure
Stomach pain
Nausea
Rapid heart rate, or tachycardia
Low body temperature
Slurred speech
Slow breathing
Vomiting
Unresponsive reflexes
Throat pain or burning
Seizure
Coma

If you experience any of these symptoms after exposure to IPA, or if you see symptoms in another, the first step is to remove yourself or the individual from further exposure and place them in a fresh air environment. If symptoms persist, immediately seek medical attention.

Further treatment depends on the amount of exposure and the type of exposure. When isopropyl alcohol has been ingested, individuals who are conscious and not convulsing should drink one to two glasses of water to dilute the chemical. Do not admit vomiting, as the chemical can be aspirated into the lungs causing further damage. A medical professional may use laxatives and activated charcoal to clear stomach contents.

In the event of inhalation exposure, the individual should be moved into the open air. If fresh air does not improve symptoms, medical help should be called to provide respiratory support, along with oxygen and fluids when high-level inhalation exposure has occurred.

When contact with the skin has occurred, the affected skin should be flooded with water and then gently and thoroughly washed with soap and water. In the event of a large spill in contact with skin, wash and monitor for signs of poisoning, seek medical treatment if symptoms appear.

If the affected individual is wearing contact lenses, they need to be removed. The eyes should then be flushed with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes or longer if necessary, lifting the upper and lower lids occasionally.

This post is not intended to scare anyone, or deter people from using isopropyl alcohol in their manufacturing process, but to encourage awareness and safety practices that can prevent accidents from occurring. The more informed users are of the dangers of products, the easier it is to maintain safety. When using IPA in a workplace, make sure all of the employees are trained in the proper use of isopropyl alcohol, have access to safety equipment, and understand the symptoms of poisoning so that they can recognize it in themselves or others.

{ Comments are closed }

Cleansing Air Pollution

Indoor air pollution is one of the world's most difficult toxic pollution problems today. Why is it so prevalent and what simple ways can it be changed for the good of our health?

Indoor air pollution is the presence of particles, molecules, or other harmful substances in the environment that cause diseases, damage living organisms and temporary death to humans. Air pollution can come from substances created by people or caused by human activity and from natural sources. These impurities can be solid particles, liquid droplets, gases, or electromagnetic in origin. The impurities can be from a primary or secondary source. Examples of primary pollutants are produced from ash of volcanic eruption, carbon monoxide gas from motor vehicle exhaust, and sulfur dioxide that is released from factories. The secondary pollutants form in the air when primary pollutants react or interact. One example of a secondary pollutant is ground level ozone.

Many homes lack good indoor ventilation and then concentration of air pollution persists. People spend the major of their time inside their homes. We have Radon gas that is exuded from the Earth in certain parts of our country and then it is trapped inside the house. We have created building materials such as carpeting and plywood that emit formaldehyde gas. Lead paint will degenerate into dust. The use of air fresheners, incense, and other spotted items introduce air pollution. Wood fires in fireplaces and stoves will add smoke particulates into the air in significant amounts. Using pesticides and chemical sprays in closed environment without good ventilation pollutes the air. Faulty vents and chimneys produce carbon monoxide poisoning causing fatalities. Our clothing will emit tetrachloroethylene and other dry cleaning fluids after dry cleaning for many days.

There are biological sources of air pollution that are airborne particulates and gasses found in our homes. Pets will produce dander. People will produce dust from decomposed hair and minute skin flakes. There are dust mites in the bedding, furniture, and carpeting which produce very tiny decal droppings. Mold will form on walls which generates mycotoxins and spores. Our air conditioning systems can cause Legionnaires' disease and mold. Houseplants, soil, and near gardens can produce dust, pollen, and mold. A lack of air circulation will allow the airborne pollutants to become greater in number than they would normally occur in nature.

There are a number of health conditions that pose a significant risk actor resulting from indoor air pollution which include respiratory infections, heart disease, stroke, COPD, and lung cancer. People will experience difficulty with breathing, wheezing, coughing, asthma, and will worsen your existing respiratory and cardiac conditions. These health problems will result in the need to increase medication, more doctor visits or emergency room visits, more time in the hospital, and premature death.

{ Comments are closed }