Organic gardening is a form of agriculture that does not use synthetic artificial fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified organisms. The goals of organic gardening is to maintain diverse crops, keep soils healthy, reduce pollution, avoid synthetic artificial fertilizers and pesticides in gardening, and promote environmental friendliness and biodiversity. Organic gardening avoids the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and instead relies on an ecologically sound approach. The avoidance of pesticide residue adds greater nutritional benefits of organic food, effectively conserves crop soils, and promotes biodiversity of organisms in the garden.
Conventional farming allows the use of chemical herbicides and pesticides to control or eradicate weeds while organic gardening the rotation of crops, tilling, hand picking or mulching to control the weeds and uses no form of pesticides. Since organic food is picked when it is ripe, the food has been able to absorb all the traces of vitamins and minerals which is lacking in conventional foods. Conventional foods are picked when the vegetables are still green so not having the opportunity to absorb all the vitamins and minerals that the soil offers. Organic farming can produce up to two or three times as much food as conventional gardening. The use of compost, manure mulch and other organic fertilizers yields a higher organic content of soils on organic gardens and helps limit soil degradation and erosion.
Organic gardening is widely known for its positive effect on soil matter, soil organisms, and soil physical structure, and can achieve this without the use of herbicides, and pesticides which pollute both the soil and the water. Organic garden protection and enhancing soil fertility. Organic gardening is designed to work with the ecological systems and minimally disturb the Earth's natural balance. Because of this organic farmers have been interested in reduced-tillage methods.
Conventional agriculture uses mechanical hillage, which is plowing or sowing, which is harmful to the environment. The impact of tilling in organic farming is much less of an issue. Plowing springs up erosion because the soil remains uncoovered for a long period of time and if it has a low content of organic matter the structural stability of the soil decreases.
Organic farmers use techniques such as mulching, planting cover crops, and intercropping, to maintain a soil cover through most of the year. The use of compost, manure mulch and other organic fertilizers yields a higher organic content of soils on organic farms and helps limit soil degradation and erosion. Organic farming practices is widely known for its positive effect on soil matter, soil organizations, and soil physical structure, and can achieve this without the use of herbicides, and pesticides which pollute both the soil and the water.