Browsing: Environmental Issues

Specifications for an Oil Water Separator You Must Know

Oil water separators are useful for separating oil and water in order to keep pollution out of the ecosystem. There are lots of industrial processes that necessitated the mixing of oil with water and before the water can be discharged back into the environment, the oil must be properly eliminated. There are different specifications of oil water separators and some of them will be evaluated in this piece.

Rain Water Separators

When rain washes across streets and parking lots, oil from leaky engines is picked up and the water enters the storm drain system. A separator is placed before the outlet to prevent the oil laden water from being released to the environment. It is recommended by the University of Mississippi that 20 square feet of the surface area in the separator is ideal for every 10,000 square feet of the drainage area. For example, a parking lot measuring 100 feet by 100 feet has 10,000 square feet of surface area and requires a separator tank's surface size of 5-feet long and 4-feet wide.

Marine Separators

A bilge water of a ship collects oil from engines and other leak runoff. This water has to be discharged into the ocean and if a separator is not used, all the oil would be discharged as well which is dangerous for marine life. According to the Massachusetts Maritime Academy, the ship's bilge water discharge can contain at most 15 parts per million (PPM) of oil. For instance, in one million gallons of water, only 15 gallons are allowed to be oil. Separators are designed by engineers making use of different methods like screen filtering. It is important for the 15 PPM goal to be achieved before any bilge water discharge occurs.

Diesel Engine Fuel Separator

If any water is in the diesel fuel, the engine will refuse to run. Delicate internal components will be destroyed because rust will set in. Since water enters into the fuel system through natural moisture in the air condensing into the fuel, all diesel engines come with oil water separators in the fuel systems in order to remove all the water completely. Separators are designed by engineers to work through various methods but they all follow the principle that oil increases to the top of water. There are inlets and outlets at the top of the separators and at the bottom are spigots. The spigot needs to be opened regularly by a technician in order to drain off the water.

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What Are the Environmental Impact of Oil Remediation?

Sometimes the mess costs more to fix than the initial commercial value of an oil project. When things get out-of-control and oil spills occur it can have huge environmental impacts that damage an ecosystem for generations to come. Even cleaning up the mess can create more problems. If the oil spill seeps into the ground, the soil may be removed in an attempt remove contaminants, which can lead to more soil erosion and another disturbance of the ecosystem, also. That contaminated soil ends up in a landfill, creating another mess somewhere else. Oil remediation can actually be done with Mother Nature's help to make it as natural a process as possible with more positive outcomes. By using bioremediation, oil companies can reduce the environmental impact of spills and also keep contaminants out of landfills.


In comparison to other techniques, what are the environmental impact of oil remediation? New bioremediation techniques allow companies to use plant-derived agents in their oil cleanup that can create more positive environmental impacts than other types of remediation. These agents can be applied to an oil spill before it has a chance to see too much into the ground affecting groundwater aquifers in the area. Instead of excavating, the agent is placed on the surface and allowed to soak into the ground for at least 30 minutes. The non-toxic substance will work to break down the complex hydrocarbons in oil so that the remaining compounds are easily digested by resident bacteria on-site. In this way, it can work to speed up the oil degradation and give a boost to bacteria by making it easier for them to process it naturally, without disturbing the surrounding ecosystem.

Benefits of Bioremediation

If you have a choice to use bioremediation versus other types of remediation techniques, you will find there are definite benefits to using bioremediation. The benefits range from environmental pluses to cost savings. Here are a few benefits that come with bioremediation:

Safe, Non-Toxic, Substance – By using a natural plant-based agent to help speed up cleanup, you do not risk adding more harmful chemicals to the soil. Plant-based bioremediation agents are easier to handle and transport as well. You are not dealing with hazardous cleaning agents.

Work with Nature, Not Against – Since you are taking into account the natural bacteria to help you remeed the soil, you are actually working in conjunction with nature, not against it. Bioremediation supports the site's natural environment without disturbing it as much as you would by excavating or dredging the soil. The byproducts are not toxic and contaminants are actually eliminated from the soil, not just moved somewhere else.

Less Toxic Waste – Soils that are excavated and removed end up in landfills. Contaminants are not eliminated and can see into groundwater if the dump is not properly lined or protected. Bioremediation does not cart away toxic wastes to take the problem somewhere else.

Cost Savings – By raising a spill the moment it happens, you can eliminate the potential for greater environmental damage down the road. This can add up to cost savings in work and time spent dealing with an oil spill. While no oil spill will help you save money, using the proper cost-saving techniques at the right time can save you big-time by helping you meet environmental guidelines as quickly as possible with the least amount of fuss.

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Cleaning Our Ocean and Saving Ourselves

There's a karmic related adage in more than one religion and / or philosophy that essentially states “everything you do will come back to you”, be that good or ill. This is no less true when it comes to our garbage. Our trash infects our soil, rivers, wells, air, and our oceans. While all of it is of concern, I'd like to focus on the oceans.

While there are millions of tons of garbage in the oceans, ninety-percent of it is plastic. The reasons plastic is so appealing to us are the very reasons it's so dangerous in our oceans: It's cheap and durable. So durable, in fact, that it takes 1000 years for it to degrade. Plastic goes through a process of photo -grading, which means that it breaks up into smaller and smaller pieces over time. So tiny, in fact, that most are not even visible to us. The oceans you see may look clean, but there are over 45,000 pieces of plastic per square mile in the ocean, most of which are invisible to us.

Some of you may have heard of the great 'garbage patches' in the oceans, or gyres. These words and phrases tend make people imagine a large area, by some estimates the size of Texas, of visible, floating, and rotting garbage. In reality, these patches are mostly comprized of the tiny pieces of invisible plastic mentioned previously. Not visibly does not mean it's not dangerous though.

Hundreds of thousands of marine life are killed each year due to our garbage in the oceans. It's ate by birds who then later starve or dehydrate, it blocks the sunlight that algae and plankton need to survive, it entangles whales, sharks, turtles, dolphins and other marine life. Sometimes we end up consuming our own garbage too by way of eating the fish that have eaten the plastic we've carelessly tossed into their habitat. The dangerous and even deadly effects of eating plastic or even eating warm food that has touched plastic has been well established. We're not killing the marine life in the oceans and destroying our gorgeous waters, we're slowly poisoning ourselves as well.

Next Steps

Obviously, we need to stop the influx of garbage into our oceans by using plastic less, recycling, and reusing. But that's only part of the problem. Given that the plastic in the oceans now will not degrade for centuries, we need to find a way to clean the waste that's currently in the water. Cleaning up the garbage we can actually see is a huge undertaking in itself, but it's only 10% of the problem. And given that most of the invisible plastics in the oceans are in international waters, it's difficult to convince any one government to take responsibility and put forth the time, effort, research, and resources necessary to even touch this problem. That's where the private sector comes in. Below are some potential solutions to a serious problem that we all need to work together to solve. All are very innovative, and some are more feasible than others. Maybe the answer is not just one of these solutions, but a couple or all of them. They may need funding and all need more research. I urge everyone to take a look at each of them, keep tabs on them, and support these kind of endeavors.

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Top Benefits Of Using Organic Cleaning Products

Home cleaning products are great in cleaning and sanitizing your office or house. One of its ingredients is benzalkonium chloride. This ingredient is synonymous with sanitized linens and hard surfaces. Unfortunately, it is a chemical that may not be safe for your family, especially if there are kids around. Although it is a powerful disinfectant, your health and the environment may convince you to find an organic alternative.

Here is a list of reasons you should consider opting for organic disinfectant:

1. Inexpensive and safe

Organic disinfectant is cheaper. Plus, it is reliably safe, as long as you use its correct amount. It does not cause irritation to the eyes, lungs and on skin. Thus, it is safe even if you have a family member with breathing problems, like asthma. Keep in mind that when benzalkonium chloride is mixed with other household cleaners, it can produce toxic fumes. These fumes are obviously harmful to the environment.

2. Kill bacteria

Although its ingredients are not as potent as those of other household cleaning products, an organic disinfectant can effectively kill both salmonella and E. coli. So, it makes it a valuable sanitizer in your kitchen.

3. Avoid health threat

Some of the ingredients in household cleaning products can cause burns or skin conditions. However, an organic-based disinfectant is as useful as those household cleaning products but it does not hurt the environment. When you use it according to its directions, it will not pose a health threat to you and other members of the family. Rathermore, some organic-based disinfectants can act as a bleach alternative. You just need a small amount to brighten your whites.

4. Cause less damage to surfaces

It is true that many cleaning products can effectively clean surfaces. However, some of them can leave stains and marks causing damage to the surfaces. Apart from that, if you do not rinse them off properly, they can cause stain to other household equipment and discoloration to your clothing.

With the use of an organic cleaning material, you do not have to worry about it being harsh.

5. Good for the environment

This is one of the best things about organic cleaning products. Because their ingredients are mostly derived from natural ingredients, they can be easily disposed of without the risk of contaminating the water supply or the environment.

Some of the traditional spray cleaners that you are using may contain chemicals or ingredients that are harmful to the ozone layer and to your own lungs. If you eliminate them and use organic disinfectant, then you can avoid harming your body and the environment.

Another obvious reason many people are now opting to purchase organic cleaning products is the smell. They are not as strong as those traditional household cleaning products. With natural alternatives, you will not feel dizzy or get a headache because of the fumes.

Organic cleaning products are likely to become more popular considering the benefits that they provide to health and the environment.

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Why Are We Forced to Eat GMO?

What are GMO and why are we being forced to eat them without any form of labeling to show that they are in our food? These Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) are produced from plants that have been altered in a way that would not happen naturally. According to Bob Quinn, an organic farmer with a Ph.D. in plant biochemistry, “They are taking the genes of one thing and forcing them into the cells of another species.

When I first learned about this procedure, I assumed that our governmentwould make sure that the foods altered in this way would be labeled so that we would know if we were eating these unnatural organizations. But instead they were allowed into our food supply with no warning and no labeling. In most of the United States, 70 to 75 percent of the processed foods in our grocery stores now contain GMO.

Many of us are concerned because there has been no long term testing of these products that proves their safety. According to one animal study, the DNA is damaged by genetically-modified food. The offspring of the animals that had been fed those foods had great trouble reproducing and the next generation were sterile.

Because it would take many years to complete such studies with humans, eating those foods is the same as volunteering to become human guinea pigs, and our children may have the saddest results. The price we pay is less than optimum health.

Also, other countries that have performed such long term testing have now directed the use of these products. Recently, Japan refused a shipment of GMO wheat from the US.

In an effort to produce pest resistant crops, some seeds have been infected with pesticides (also produced by the same corporations). Since these products were introduced in the1990's, many are worried that the long term effects of these crops have already had a negative impact upon our health and also the environment. These pesticides are now often found in human blood samples. Formerly, we could wash off the pesticides that were on the outside of our foods, but it is impossible to avoid eating those pesticides since the introduction of them right into our food.

In an effort to avoid eating these genetically modified foods, an attempt has been made to require labeling on foods that have been altered.

In California, there was a measure on the 2012 ballot that would require such labeling. And one health-minded physician paid for TV ads to encourage people to vote for that labeling. Those who believed that such a measure would contribute to the health of our population, supported his position.

However, the manufacturers of GMO spent $ 45 million for ads to convince the voters against the proposal. They scared the public into believing that such labeling would increase the cost of our food by intense amounts. They also vilified the physician and questioned his motives due to his providing alternative health products on his website. Nothing was ever said about the conflict of interest on the part of those GMO producers. Due to that pressure from the manufacturers, the measure was very narrowly defeated.

The only recourse in California now is for those who want to eat healthy food to eliminate all processed foods and purchase products that have been labeled “No GMO” or “Organic”. Because it is more expensive to produce organic crops, the price of those foods is higher than the adulterated products, but the nutrition of the organic fruits, vegetables and grains is so superior that it is worth that cost. Buying foods labeled “Natural” or “All Natural” does not resolve our problem as there are no requirements for those terms.

Avoiding GMO products is difficult as many are not aware that any product that has soy, wheat, corn or high fructose corn syrup in the list of ingredients (which includes most processed foods) is made from genetically modified corn, wheat

Egypt. Also, our meat and dairy products are affected because many farmers now feed their cows grain instead of grass, so indirectly we are getting the GMO in our meat and dairy foods, unless they are labeled, “Grass Fed”.

In the article, “A Seedy Practice” published in 2009 by the editors of Scientific American , we read, “it's what the biotech industry is not allowing and not telling the public that has most people concerned about genetically modified crops.” According to that publication, the biotech industry (which includes Monsanto, a company that has become the face of the industry) owns the seed, and has intellectual property rights. Therefore, it must approve any research on GMO and then also approve the findings, which excludes scientific testing outside of the reach of the industry.

At present, research is continuing to be done. However, in a number of cases, experiments that had the implicit permission from the seed company were later blocked from publication because the results were not positive. It seems strange to allow the biotech industry that has a financial interest in the outcome of the research to have preference over the scientists who have done long term research studies on pesticides.

I believe that the public has a right to know what we are eating and that the EPA should require labeling on any modified food. Why should we be denied the privilege of knowing any dangerous substance is in the food we eat?

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A Look at Genetically Modified Organisms

A genetically modified organism is an organism which genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. In other words; A GMO is the result of a laboratory process of taking genes from one species and inserting them into another in trying to get a desired trait or characteristic. Examples of some common organisms that have been genetically modified include bacteria and yeast, insects, plants, fish and even mammals. GMO's are the source of genetically modified foods as well. It is at this level that many consumers become concerned.

The question most commonly asked is; are genetically modified foods safe? What are the long-term health risks associated with consuming GMO products? Are the advantages worth the potential risks?

As the world's population continues to grow ensuring that there will be an adequate food supply is becoming a challenge. GM foods are believed to meet this challenge in several ways. The advantages of GMO crops include pest resistance, herbicide tolerance and disease resistance, which result in less chemical application, and danger of agricultural waste run-off also making the cost of production less. Addition GM seeds help with cold tolerance and drought resistance. Advocates for GM foods argument that they are better for the environment, because farmers can cut their use of pesticides and herbicides and the residual levels of these chemicals in the environment.

The main argument in favor of GM foods is the nutritional value. Famine and malnutrition are all too common in third world countries, where people rely on a single crop as their food source, such as rice. Rice does not contain adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients to prevent malnutrition. If rice could be genetically altered to contain added vitamins and minerals, nutrient deficiencies could have been alleviated. Studies are being conducted at this time to do just that. Corn, wheat, rice, canola, chicory, squash, potato, soybean, alfalfa, tomatoes and cotton are some of the crops that have been genetically modified to make them resistant to insects and viruses and more able to tolerate herbicides.

Modified genes are used in an early stage of the plants growth process and may, or may not be present in the end product. Nonetheless, gene products such as, photochemicals, may stay in the food chain. The implications for human health are unknown.

The unknown impact of Genetically Modified Foods on our health brings us to the opposing side of the debate. Some of the arguments against the use of GMO are that the safety of these products is not yet verified and that very little is known about the long term health effects on both humans and animals who consume them. Every day, millions of people consume Genetically modified foods with no thorough research of the potential risks to human health.

Researchers have raised the concern that food and water contaminated with genetically modified material could increase the risk of malignant tumors in humans. Other studies have suggested a link between GMO foods and cancer. There is also the concern it could cause new allergy outbreaks in people. One known example of this was a genetically engineered soya bean, containing Brazilian nut protein, which turned out to cause severe allergies in humans and was withdrawn from production.

Without proper labeling laws in place, there is concern that the consumer is no longer aware of what they are eating, which could cause serious issues for those with dietary restrictions, not to mention moral and ethical consideration for vegetarians and vegans.

A study conducted in 2008 showed that feeding mice engineered food for 30 days caused an immune reaction and altered the number of cells that regulated the immune function in the body. Although not proven at this date, it is suspected that similar alterations caused in the human immune system as well.

Modified genes in engineered crops that are resistant to pesticides can transfer to insects and pest. As a result, super-bugs are created that can not be controlled with normal levels of pesticides. The strength of the chemical used to fight pests must increase, as their resistance grows. This would create a problem in controlling their reproduction and damage to crop production in the future.

The belief is that the altered genes in engineered food will multiply through the generations passing along unknown damaging hits to the future population. Once discovered, it would be too late to recall the product. The effects of genetically modified food could be irreversible. Too little is known about the effects on the human body.

No matter which side of the debt you may fall on, it is always good to know the facts and go into the marketplace as a smart consumer. There is a movement to force product labeling that includes information about GMO's. Organic gardening and farming is becoming big business. With concerns about food and environmental allergies on the rise, more and more people are looking for organically grown products and not just the food they eat but the clothing they wear and the linens the sleep on. In the 1990's the Egyptian Government converted all of Egypt's cotton crops to organic.This means the consumer may be certain that their Egyptian cotton products come from a non GMO seeds.

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Basic Steps to Take for Going Green

Many people nowdays are trying to live a healthy and Eco-friendly life. Going green is one way that many people are able to live this way. It is a great way to live a better life, but there are many steps you have to take to make sure you are living a life that is better for you and for the environment.

Basic Steps for Going Green

One of the first things that people should do if they want to go green is do some research on what they can do to help the environment. Going green can mean different things to different people so wherever you want to use energy more wisely, reduce the amount of waste you have, be more environmentally friendly or take steps to recycle more, there are plenty of suggestions and resources available that can help your efforts.

Using energy more wisely is a great way to start living a green life and even reduce energy bills in the home. The use of solar panels has been one way that people have used energy more wisely. Solar panels use light from the sun to create energy so it uses natural resources to provide the electricity that you need. There are many other energy saving options that will allow you to be more Eco-friendly, like wind turbines and fuel cells.

One of the most underrated factors of going green is reducing the amount of waste created on a daily basis. Things like turning off the water faucet when not in use or eating everything on your plate instead of throwing it away are small steps in the right direction. With populations growing around the world, being able to reduce waste now will help these food and water resources be available for years to come.

A lot of people want to be friendlier to the environment, but they are not willing to take action in some aspects of their lives. One example of this is to walk, ride a bike, carpool or take a form of public transportation to get places. Most of the vehicles people use requires some type of fuel, so by using one of these alternate forms of transportation, they will reduce the amount of emissions let out into the air and create a cleaner, more environmentally friendly atmosphere.

Recycling is one of the first steps that people take to go green. People can easily recycle more by having additional bins next to their waste baskets for items like plastic bottles, aluminum cans, paper and cardboard. By separating these items out and not just throwing them in the garbage to go to a landfill, people are able to easily recycle certain items and take a small step to help the environment.

Recycling When Giving

One of the more popular ways to recycle now is to give your unused or unwanted items to people as gifts. Whenever someone receives a gift that they do not really need or want, they just let it sit in storage until they realize they will never use it and then throw it away. If a person has an item that they received as a gift and do not want it, they can keep it in its original packaging unused and re-gift it to someone else down the road.

While this may seem like an effective way to recycle your unwanted items and even save some money, there are some things that need to be considered to avoid awkward moments. Probably the most important thing to remember is to make sure that you never re-gift an item to the person who was the original giver. Most people remember what they previously brave as gifts so avoid the awkward moment that it could create by being conscious of who the gift is for.

Also be sure to remove any tags, receipts or cards that were left with the gift when originally received to avoid the embarrassment of someone else seeing them. Finally, make sure the re -ifted item is still in brand new condition. If the gift has been in storage for a long time, it may not have a new look and could raise a red flag to the receiver that the item is re-gifted. Some people may not mind that they received a re-gifted item, but some people may be offended.

By: Saeb Anabtawi

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The Role of Carbon Dioxide in Global Warming

The raise in global temperature, known as global warming is an issue that needs to be addressed. Its alarming consequences make it a predominant global issue and require a collective effort from all to help prevent it. However, there is still the question of the role that carbon dioxide plays in global warming.

What is Global Warming?

The increase in the average temperature of the planet is referred to as global warming. When the radiations from the sun get in contact with the earth's atmosphere, three things happens

  1. A portion of the sun rays passes through the atmosphere into the earth surface.
  2. A larger percentage of the sun rays reflect back into the outer space.
  3. Some of the sun rays passes through the atmosphere and birds around it to form a layer that warns the earth.

The layer formed around the atmosphere causes a change in the temperature of the planet leading to global warming. This increase in temperature is believed to be a large contribution to the melting of the ice caps in the Polar Regions. The melting of the ice cap has made the coastal areas of the world face an alarming threat of being submerged under the sea.

What Role Does Carbon-Dioxide Play in Global Warming?

In nature, there is an equilibrium that brings balance to planet. The layer of heat formed around the atmosphere from the sun rays is insufficient to melt the ice cap in the Polar Regions. Human activities have increased the heat potency of this layer causing a distortion in the order of nature.

With the innovations in technology and the rise of industrialization, green house gases are emitted as effluents to the atmosphere. The burning of fossil fuels, emissions from vehicles and other mechanical appliances have increased the amount of Carbon gas in the atmosphere.

The industrial revolution has led to an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The question to be asked is “How does this increase in carbon dioxide affect the temperature of the earth?” There is currently no compelling reason to believe that the present rise in temperature is as a result of the increase in carbon dioxide.

The notice that an increase in carbon gas is responsible for the global warming is based on the correlation between the atmospheric quantity of carbon dioxide and air temperature. Is this correlation sufficient proof that carbon gas is responsible for global warming? The observation that both rose together is insufficient to encompass that one might be the cause for another.

For this notification to be upheld, it needs to be demonstrated over cycles of increase and decrease in both parameters. Considering the past half million years, there were periods when carbon dioxide atmospheric concentration remained constant and there was a decrease in atmospheric temperature. Likewise, there were periods when the temperature remained constant despite the change in atmospheric temperature.

Advocates of 'carbon dioxide induced global warming' have predicted that extreme weather events like flood and droughts would become more numerous in a warmer planet. However, recent studies have shown that economic, demographic and societal factors play more active role in causing these extreme weather events.

The elevated quantity of atmospheric carbon dioxide is not a threat to our world. It is in fact beneficial to the biosphere. The benefits include

  1. Enhanced growth in plant
  2. Increase in food production
  3. Increased plant water use efficiency

There are many more benefits than those listed here. The world simply has nothing to fear in regards to the elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Let us allow humanity and nature to take their intertwined course without fretting about the future. The world has much more serious problems than carbon dioxide.

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How You Can Clean a Lamp Oil Spill

The type of surface onto which a lamp oil spilled will determine the approach that will be used to clean it up. Oil does not mix with water and tends to spread when water is introduced. As a result of this, the oil spill must first be contained so that it will be prevented from spreading.

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ECO Friendly Shopping Bags for a Safe Environment

One of the issues with plastic bags is that they pollute the environment and can cause danger to animals as well as people. Here, some countries have legislated the use of these. Some of these countries include Hong Kong, Ireland, Taiwan, and South Africa. Keep this in mind in the purchasing of any kind.

The best ECO friendly shopping bags would definitely be the non-plastic bags. It has become a trend in many areas and it should remain in place to help save the environment. Non-plastic bags do not necessarily mean a choice between paper or plastic; they could be made in any type of reusable material.

The importance is also to note that the use of these bags should not only be limited to grocery shopping. You should try to use the bags whenever possible. Use it for wine bags, lunch bags as well as for all other shopping bags.

Reusable Eco Friendly Bags

A variety of reusable bags that are also eco friendly are available, such as:

  • Canvas bags: These bags could have been made from recycled canvas. If you do use newly manufactured canvas, it should be strong enough to be used for a long period.
  • Cotton bags or hemp bags are also a good choice. Here again the quality is important, because you want the bag to last for a while. The point is also that the manufacturer uses organic cotton.
  • Tote bags are especially popular as the construction makes it stronger as well. These totes are often manufactured with different types of materials such as:
    • The tapioca plant: These bags are made from the starch of the plant and are extremely strong and durable.
    • Discarded rice bags that are cleaned and reused to make durable reusable bags.
    • String bags are very popular as grocery bags, but these can be used for any other purpose as well. It is expandable and can be reused for a long time. The bag can shrink in size for easy storage.
    • Jute bags are made from jute that can also be blended with cotton, making it a very strong and durable bag. It can also be recycled.
  • Bags that are branded with eco friendly messages and logos. You are there able to recognize these immediately, and know that you are buying the ones that are eco friendly.

Making your Own

If you are able to make your own bags, you ensure that you are using recycled material. You would also be able to ensure that you make it strong enough for your own purposes. Added to this, you will contribute to a greener environment.

If you are going to use plastic or paper, you must ensure that, for it to be eco friendly, that it is recycled. The best is to make use of materials that are organic, as materials derived from oil (such as polypropylene) is not eco friendly. The latter is especially unfriendly if you have to discard it in the future.

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A Primer on Environmental Medicine

In a world that has become increasingly toxic, the earth's seven billion residents are exposed to undetermined levels of chemicals and pollutants every day. Regardless of how industrialized the country may be or how clean a house looks, it is difficult to escape the impact and short or long-term effects of these chemicals and toxins that infiltrate the food, water and even air supply of the planet. Toxic substances from many different industrialized products run rampant in the environment, poisoning everything they come in contact with. Pollutants and chemicals have become engrained in everything from the plants and produce humans eat to animal byproducts. This is why so many new health problems have cropped up and become increasingly more dangerous all the time.

The interconnectedness of human existence with chemical toxins has given rise to a new branch of medicine called Environmental Medicine.

A Definition

Environmental Medicine studies and explores the interaction between people and the environment. It is no surprise that humans develop health problems facilitated by contact with chemicals and other pollutants in everyday life. Several diseases which were not traditionally connected with environmental triggers (such as Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, or ADHD) are now being tied to constant exposure to toxic substances in the environment.

Differences From Traditional Medicine

Environmental Medicine is a radical departure from conventional medical thinking; especially in understanding and treating chronic diseases. The traditional view held by most doctors diagnosing a patient with an unexplained chronic medical condition takes a perspective that espouses a breakdown of the patient's physical defenses. Thus, they would prescribe medication for a patient diagnosed with ADHD to address the symptoms of the disease.

Practitioners of environmental medicine look beyond the symptoms and try to discover the root of the illness. When they find that the illness is caused by direct and sustained contact with a contaminated environment, the first step would be to detoxify the patient – to rid him or her of the toxins that had been picked up from the environment. A complete treatment plan may only be written for the patient following detoxification.

Environment Medicine is gaining popularity even among respected medical professionals who have always held to the tested and tested protocols of traditional medicine. This gradual acceptance demonstrates that even professionals need all the help they can get when confronted with the task of diagnosing and treating the complex entity that is the human body.

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What Are THMs and Why Are They Dangerous?

This article will discuss the basics of what the chemicals group THMs actually are. It will discuss where they come from, how they affect the body and in conclusion it will discuss ways in which we can eliminate THMs from our homes.

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Solutions to Oil Rig Cleaning

The oil and gas industry requires massive machinery, oil rigs, and platforms that operate continuously. In addition, extracted oil and gas must be transported and stored prior to processing. Cleaning equipment, oil rigs, and containers is challenging but necessary.

The Challenges of Oil Rig Cleaning
By its nature, crude oil is difficult to clean. After all, oil and water do not mix. Not only is it hard to clean oil and grease, you can not just rinse oil and traditional caustic cleansers off of an oil rig and into the soil or ocean due to environmental concerns. In addition, while cleanliness is a value, downtime must be kept to a minimum. These are but a few of the challenges involved in cleaning these machinery.

The Importance of Oil Rig Cleaning
While oilfield and offshore oil rigs may not be encountered by the general public, keeping them clean is a must for companies that want to maximize the life of expensive these equipment. Oil accumulation and deposits make the machinery unsightly and have the potential to corrode the equipment, prevent proper operations, and interfere with routine maintenance and repairs. In addition to these concerns, excess oil poses a safety hazard.

Solutions to Oil Rig Cleaning
Fortunately, eco-friendly solutions to cleaning these machinery have been introduced. For example, modern oil rig cleaners are available that have been made from non-toxic, plant-based materials. These ingredients produce a colloidal suspension that is highly concentrated. When mixed with water, the concentrate creates a solution containing nanoparticles capable of penetration grease and oil at the molecular level. Individual molecules of oils are then held in a colloidal suspension where bacteria found within the oil can then attack and consume the oil molecules thanks to their small size and increased surface area. These non-toxic cleansers facilitate and accelerate natural biodegradation processes.

The combination of natural, non-toxic ingredients, more efficient resident bacteria, and the colloidal properties of the solution, makes cleaning faster, more effective, and environmentally friendly. The wash waste is biodegradable which allows cleaning to be performed at sea, in oil fields, or in wash racks. In addition, some natural oilfield rig cleaners, such as G-Clean Oilfield Rig & Equipment cleaner by E & B Green Solutions, can be used on painted surfaces and polished aluminum without causing damage.

Heavy duty degreasers are another solution to cleaning these machinery. Again, non-toxic, plant-based degreasers that form nanoparticles are an eco-friendly choice that effectively tackle hydrocarbon deposits on oil and gas equipment, rigs, tanks, and vehicles.

Storage tanks require periodic interior and exterior cleaning for a variety of reasons including for: general maintenance, repairs, inspections, and even dismantling. In addition to oilfield storage tanks, tanks on tanker trucks must also be cleaned periodically. In both cases, eco-friendly cleaners are available. Look for green storage tank cleaners that are biodegradable.

While oil and grease are notoriously difficult to clean, eco-friendly solutions have been developed that harness and accelerate natural biodegradation processes. As a result, it becomes possible to quickly and efficiently wash equipment and storage tanks without resorting to harmful caustic cleaners.

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What’s in Your Tap Water?

We drink, bathe, cook and clean with it. But how much do we really know about the water that flows out of our taps?

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Quality of Water From Natural Sources – In Old Times and Today, FAQs About Water Quality

On earth the most important aspects of life is h2o (water), and mostly we take it for granted. Life on Earth would not exist without drinking water. All living things require water to survive. It is the powerhouse of life. If not kept clean and potable, it can also be detrimental. Since ancient times water is known as a life

In earlier ages purity of water was determined by taste, if it had a pleasant taste, then it was considered pure. The most common method of water purification in earlier times was to add herbal plants or flowers to it, but this was not a true technique of purification. Sanskrit documents created in 2000 BC in India on medical concerns called the Sus'ruta Samhita Declares that contaminated water must be purified by being boiled over a fire or may be filtrated through sand filtration and coarse gravel. History is full of such examples and documents describing water quality and standard water purification in ancient times in all civilizations. In 21st century purification and filtration of water has become even more significant and lots of techniques have been developed.

FAQs (Frequently asked questions) about Water Quality.

-What do we signify by water value?

Water value is defined in periods of the chemical, physical and biological content of water. The water value of rivers and lagoons alterations with the times of the year and geographic areas, even when there is no contamination present. There is no lone measure that constituents good water value. For instance, water suitable for drinking can used for irrigation, but water utilized for irrigation may not rendezvous drinking water guidelines. The quality of water befitting for recreational purposes disagrees from that used for developed methods.

-What are the key components that leakage water value?

Many components affect water value. The natural water value of groundwater in aquifers is associated to the value of recharge water, the mineralogy of dirt and aquifer sediments, the residence time in the ground water flow scheme, and the occurrence of close by saline water. although, the primary leverage on groundwater value (as well as exterior water value) is the contamination thought about by human undertaking.

Built-up stormwater, farming runoff, household wastewater, industrial wastewater, and hydrological definitions are the causes of water pollution. Other risks include nitrates from dairy and other livestock operations, fertilizers and pesticides in stormwater runoff, toxic chemicals in leachate from dicey waste sites, and erosion from building sites, unpaved roads, and ranch fields. Septic tank leachate assists to the degradation of numerous water bodies by supplement nitrate nitrogen, bacteria, viruses, and synthetic organisms used in house cleaning goods and septic container cleaners. Industrial activities can boost concentrations of metals and toxic chemicals, add suspended sediment, increase warmth, and lower disintegrated oxygen in the water. Petrolium products storage locales may have leaks and spills of petroleum goods. Roadways assist petroleum pollutants leaked from vehicles and metals from exhaust fumes. Older sanitary landfills, which leachate may combine many different chemicals at some high concentrations, also represent a threat.

-How do we assess water value?

The quality of water is determined by making measurements in the field or by taking samples of water, hovering components, bottom sediment, or biota, and sending them to a lab for personal, chemical and microbiological analyzes. For demonstration, acidity (pH), hue and turbidity (a measure of the hovering particles in the water) are measured in the area. The concentrations of metals, nutrients, pesticides and other substances are measured in the lab.
Another way to get an indication of the value of water is biological checking. This test works out, for demonstration, if the water or the sediment is toxic to life forms or if there has been a fluctuation in the numbers and types of plants and animals. Some of these biological checks are finished in a laboratory, while other ones are delivered out at the stream or lake.

-What is good value drinking water?

Good value drinking water is free from disease-causing organisms, harmful chemical substances, and radioactive matter. It flavors good, is aesthetically appealing, and free from objectionable hue or odor.
It should be noted that there is a difference between “pure water” and “safe consuming water”. Pure water, often characterized as water encompassing no minerals or chemicals, does not live routinely in the natural environment. Under perfect conditions, water may be distilled to produce “pure” water. protected consuming water, on other hand, may retain routinely occurring minerals and chemicals such as calcium, potassium, sodium or fluoride which are really beneficial to human health and may also advance the taste of the water. Where the minerals or chemicals occur routinely in concentrations that may be hurtful or displeasing, then certain water treatment methods are used to reduce or remove the substances. In detail, some chemicals are really supplemented to produce good drinking water; the best demonstrations of chemical addition are chlorine utilized as a disinfectant to decimate microbial contaminants, or fluoride used to reduce dental cavities.

-If we could boil all the water we consume, could we eliminate contamination?

No. Boiling water murders germs but will not eliminate chemicals.

-Is chlorine in the water provide essential, and could it become a health hazard?

Chlorine was presented as a disinfectant in water remedy around the turn of the years. It has since become the predominant procedure for water disinfection. Apart from its effectiveness as a germicide, it boasts other advantages such as hue removal, flavor and odor command, suppression of algal growths, and precipitation of metal and manganese. In supplement, chlorine is very simple to request, measure and command. It is rather productive and reliably cheap.

Chlorine as a disinfectant in water treatment can be a wellbeing hazard if its concentration or the concentrations of certain by-products (eg, trihalomethanes, a chlorinated organic aggregate) are greater than the permitted by the EPA. If the greatest agreeable concentrations are exceeded, the administration to blame for public health should be communicated for the befitting corrective activity.

-Some persons state that you should not dispense solvents and other house chemicals down the drain because they pollute the streams and lakes. Is that true? How additional can I get rid of them?

While chemical household goods are generally protected for the benefits that are designed for, some may become hurtful to the natural environment as they build up in it. For this cause you should not put these goods down the drain. Most waste treatment amenities are not capable of eliminating such toxic compounds. any thing put into the gale sewers is going directly to the receiving lake or stream absolutely untreated. So, before you dump anything down the drain, remember that you or other ones may be drinking it some day.

-As a responsible buyer how can I tell if the products I purchase are potentially harmful to the environment?
Most household chemical goods and pesticides traded have alert labels. These labels notify us if the merchandise is flammable, poisonous, corrosive or explosive. The marks generally furthermore give first aid directions. Read the label to find out how to use the merchandise securely and what precautions to take for its disposal.

-What happens to water that drains out of our lodging?

Sewers collect the fluid waste and discharge it into lagoons, streams or the sea. Most, but not all, municipalities treat their sewage utilizing mechanical and / or biological processes before discharging it. Regardless of the method, waste treatment plants concentrate the waste into a solid called sludge, which is then utilized on agricultural land, disposed of in a landfill site, or incinerated.

-How does irrigation sway water value?

Irrigation sways water value in different ways, counting upon the original water value, the type of soil, the underlining geology, the kind of irrigation, the crop developed, and the farming procedures utilized.
whereas a large piece of irrigation water is used by plants or evaporates from the soil (evapotranspiration), part of it is returned to the source. As is often the case with water use, when the water comes back to the stream or water body, the quality has been let down. The water that sprints off the fields carries with it sediments, fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides (if these chemicals are utilized on the fields), and natural salts leached from the dirt and enter rivers, lagoons and groundwater provision.

-Is the release of chilling water from electric power plants a pattern of contamination?

Yes, it is called thermal pollution. Water is used for condenser chilling and then released close by rivers, creeks, or seaboard environments. Although, most of these amenities have controls on the maximum warmth of their release waters, and numerous of them use cooling ponds or towers.

Thermal pollution, when not regulated, can be a problem. by artificial means warm water can promote algae blooms, intimidating certain species of fish and otherwise distorting the chemistry of the obtaining water body and its estuarine life. When this water is not reused by industries or for heating system system system in close by communities, large allowances of energy and promise dollar savings are lost.

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