Even though you may not see or smell it, mold infestation is a serious problem in many homes, apartments and office buildings. Here are some facts about mold and fungi that you may not have known.

1. Mold is not dirt. Mold and fungi are actually living organisms that are related to the family of mushrooms. Mold can not be cleaned away. It can return reproduced except the source and cause of the mold is eliminated. In some cases, this requires the help of a professional.

2. Mold comes in a variety of colors . Toxic mold is often associated with black mold, but hazardous mold can come in a variety of colors, including gray or brown. Exposure to fungi and mold has been associated with asthma, allergies and repertory problems. You may not know that it is in your home, but that does not mean that they are not breathing in spores.

3. Easy to test (maybe). To determine if a surface patch is mold or dirt, spray some water on it and rub it with your finger. If the patch feels slimy, you are very likely dealing with mold.

4. Bleach will not do the job. Mold can not be eliminated simply by pouring bleach on it or scrubbing an affected area with bleach. Most chemicals are ineffective against spores, and the mold will have a tendency to return.

5. Mold needs to eat and drink. Mold requires moisture and a food source to survive. Moisture can come from leaks, damp basement walls and even water vapor that may condense from improperly vented bathrooms. To remove mold properly, you must find the source of the moisture. Once you have washed out the area, you must scrape off the mold from the affected area and apply the appropriate chemicals.

6. Improper removal can make the problem worse. Removing old drywall, wallpaper or opening up previously enclosed areas can unleash a new, larger problem. Disturbances may reveal existing, hidden mold. It can also serve to disperse mold spores into the air, and possibly be sucked into your HVAC ventilation system. This can lead to health problems and spread the contamination.

7. Start early . If you suspect an infestation, then you should start remediation procedures. Tests are simple to administrator and can determine where and at what level the infestation may exist.

8. A big problem requires the pros. If you find a moldy area larger than nine square feet, you should consider having a professional deal with the problem.